var nc = 20, fc = new Array(nc); fc[0] = {t:"Capillary Action",d:"The rise of a liquid in a narrow tube as a result of adhesive forces between the liquid and the tube and cohesive forces within the liquid."}; fc[1] = {t:"Critical Point",d:"A specific temperature and pressure at which the liquid and gas phases of a substance have the same density and are indistinguishable from each other."}; fc[2] = {t:"Dipole-Dipole Interaction",d:"An attractive force between polar molecules."}; fc[3] = {t:"Dispersion Force",d:"(also called London force)
An intermolecular force between nonpolar molecules caused by the presence of temporary dipoles in the molecules."}; fc[4] = {t:"Henry’s Law",d:"The concentration of a sparingly soluble, chemically unreactive gas in a liquid is proportional to the partial pressure of the gas."}; fc[5] = {t:"Hydrogen Bond",d:"The strongest dipole–dipole interaction. It occurs between a hydrogen atom bonded to a small, highly electronegative element (O, N, F) and an atom of oxygen or nitrogen in another molecule. Molecules of HF also form hydrogen bonds."}; fc[6] = {t:"Hydrophilic",d:"A “water-loving” or attractive interaction between a solute and water that promotes water solubility."}; fc[7] = {t:"Hydrophobic",d:"A “water-fearing” or repulsive interaction between a solute and water that diminishes water solubility."}; fc[8] = {t:"Ion-Dipole Interaction",d:"An attractive force between an ion and a molecule that has a permanent dipole moment."}; fc[9] = {t:"Ion-Ion Attraction",d:"An attractive force between ions of opposite charge that results in an ionic bond."}; fc[10] = {t:"Meniscus",d:"The concave or convex surface of a liquid."}; fc[11] = {t:"Phase Diagram",d:"A graphical representation of the dependence of the stabilities of the physical states of a substance on temperature and pressure."}; fc[12] = {t:"Polarizability",d:"The relative ease with which the electron cloud in a molecule, ion, or atom can be distorted, inducing a temporary dipole."}; fc[13] = {t:"Sphere of Hydration",d:"The cluster of water molecules surrounding an ion in aqueous medium; the general term applied to such a cluster forming in any solvent is sphere of solvation."}; fc[14] = {t:"Supercritical Fluid",d:"A substance at conditions above its critical temperature and pressure, where the liquid and vapor phases are indistinguishable and have some characteristics of both a liquid and a gas."}; fc[15] = {t:"Surface Tension",d:"The energy needed to separate the molecules at the surface of the liquid."}; fc[16] = {t:"Temporary Dipole",d:"(also called induced dipole)
The separation of charge produced in an atom or molecule by a momentary uneven distribution of electrons."}; fc[17] = {t:"Triple Point",d:"The temperature and pressure where all three phases of a substance coexist. Freezing and melting, boiling and liquefaction, and sublimation and deposition all proceed at the same rate, so no net change takes place in the system."}; fc[18] = {t:"van der Waal Forces",d:"All types of attractive forces possible between molecules: hydrogen bonds, other dipole–dipole interactions, and dispersion forces. The term applies only to interactions between molecules; ion–ion and ion–dipole interactions are not van der Waals forces."}; fc[19] = {t:"Viscosity",d:"The measure of the resistance to flow of a liquid."};