Who Are Americans? Interactive Exercises

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Who Identifies with Which Party?

Party identification varies by income, race, and gender. For example, as these statistics from 2008 show, Americans with higher incomes are significantly more likely to support the Republican Party. Women and African Americans are more likely than white men to identify with the Democratic Party.

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1a.
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What percentage of men supported the Republican Party in 2008?
1b.
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What percentage of women were independents in 2008?
1c.
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What percentage of men were independents in 2008?
1d.
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What percentage of women supported the Democratic Party in 2008?
2a.
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For what party did the majority of Hispanics vote in 2008?
2b.
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What percentage of African Americans supported the Democratic Party in 2008?
3.
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How do younger Americans differ from older Americans in their party identification? How—and how much—do regions of the country differ?
4.
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Do you think religion influences party identification? If so, how? If not, why not?
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As part of a report on party identification, the Pew Research Center for People and the Press looked at religion and party identification. Go to http://www.pewforum.org/2012/02/02/trends-in-party-identification-of-religious-groups, scroll down to the section on “Trends in Party Identification by Religion,” and look at the data for 2008 and 2011.

5a.
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Which religious group provided the largest gain for the Republican Party?
5b.
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Which religious groups provided the smallest gain for the Republican Party?
6.
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Now scroll up to the top of the Pew Center report and look at the data on “Trend in Party Identification, 2008–2011.” (This is the first box in the report.) How would you describe the patterns of party identification between 2008 and 2011? What do you predict will be the role of independent voters in upcoming elections?
7.
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Do you think of yourself as a Democrat, Republican, or independent? Are other Americans of your gender, age, race, region, and income level likely to share your party preference?

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