Fallacies of Context:
Post hoc

The Latin name of this fallacy is short for post hoc ergo propter hoc ("after this, therefore because of this"). The fallacy has to do with causality, and it has the structure:

A occurred before B. Therefore, A caused B.

Such reasoning is fallacious because many events that precede a given event have nothing to do with it.

False alternative | Post hoc |
Hasty generalization | Composition | Division

Fallacies of Context

© Copyright 1998, W.W. Norton & Co.