Chapter 5: BASIC ARGUMENT ANALYSIS
- Practice -
Part C


Multiple Choice:
Click on the button next to the answer you wish to select. Your results will be displayed immediately in the question's text box.

No. of Questions = 17

In this exercise, you will be given a short argument to read, followed by one or more numbered statements. Your task is to identify what role the statement plays in the argument.

After each statement, indicate:
Premise; if it is a premise of the argument;
Conclusion; if it is the conclusion of the argument;
Intermediate; if it is an intermediate conclusion; or
Assumed; if it is an assumed premise.


1 (1) A command of grammar is a valuable skill for everyone, not just writers, (2) since grammar is necessary for clarity of thought.
1) A command of grammar is a valuable skill for everyone
2) Clarity of thought is valuable for everyone.
Identify the role statement 2) plays in the argument.
a) Premise
b) Conclusion
c) Intermediate
d) Assumed
2 (1) A course taught without grades provides the best learning environment, since (2) it allows students to concentrate on the material without the distraction of worrying about their performance.
1) Students who worry about their performance are distracted from the material
2) A course taught without grades provides the best learning environment.
Identify the role statement 1) plays in the argument.
a) Premise
b) Conclusion
c) Intermediate
d) Assumed
3 (1) A course taught without grades provides the best learning environment, since (2) it allows students to concentrate on the material without the distraction of worrying about their performance.
1) Students who worry about their performance are distracted from the material
2) A course taught without grades provides the best learning environment.
Identify the role statement 2) plays in the argument.
a) Premise
b) Conclusion
c) Intermediate
d) Assumed
4 (1) A course taught with grades provides the best learning environment. (2) Students need to know what is expected of them, and (3) most students will learn the material only if they have an external incentive.
1) Students need to know what is expected of them
2) Grades provide an external incentive.
Identify the role statement 1) plays in the argument.
a) Premise
b) Conclusion
c) Intermediate
d) Assumed
5 (1) A course taught with grades provides the best learning environment. (2) Students need to know what is expected of them, and (3) most students will learn the material only if they have an external incentive.
1) Students need to know what is expected of them
2) Grades provide an external incentive.
Identify the role statement 2) plays in the argument.
a) Premise
b) Conclusion
c) Intermediate
d) Assumed
6 (1) College basketball is more exciting to watch than pro basketball. (2) The level of skill is nearly the same. And (3) because the college season has less than half as many games, and (4) a much smaller percentage of college teams qualify for the post-season playoffs, (5) college players put more energy and emotion into every game.
1) The college season has less than half as many games as the pro season 2) College players put more energy and emotion into every game.
Identify the role statement 1) plays in the argument.
a) Premise
b) Conclusion
c) Intermediate
d) Assumed
7 (1) College basketball is more exciting to watch than pro basketball. (2) The level of skill is nearly the same. And (3) because the college season has less than half as many games, and (4) a much smaller percentage of college teams qualify for the post-season playoffs, (5) college players put more energy and emotion into every game.
1) The college season has less than half as many games as the pro season
2) College players put more energy and emotion into every game.
Identify the role statement 2) plays in the argument.
a) Premise
b) Conclusion
c) Intermediate
d) Assumed
8 (1) Job seekers who have previously worked for only one company are at a disadvantage in seeking a new job. (2) Staying at a single company for a long time suggests limited experience and (3) a fear of the new and unknown.
1) Staying at a single company for a long time suggests a fear of the new and unknown
2) Job seekers who have previously worked for only one company are at a disadvantage in seeking a new job.
Identify the role statement 1) plays in the argument.
a) Premise
b) Conclusion
c) Intermediate
d) Assumed
9 (1) Job seekers who have previously worked for only one company are at a disadvantage in seeking a new job. (2) Staying at a single company for a long time suggests limited experience and (3) a fear of the new and unknown.
1) Staying at a single company for a long time suggests a fear of the new and unknown
2) Job seekers who have previously worked for only one company are at a disadvantage in seeking a new job.
Identify the role statement 2) plays in the argument.
a) Premise
b) Conclusion
c) Intermediate
d) Assumed
10 (1) Job seekers who have previously worked for only one company have an advantage in seeking a new job, (2) since their record indicates corporate loyalty and (3) the ability to fit in, (4) both of which are attractive to a prospective employer.
1) Staying at one company indicates corporate loyalty
2) The ability to fit in is attractive to prospective employers.
Identify the role statement 1) plays in the argument.
a) Premise
b) Conclusion
c) Intermediate
d) Assumed
11 (1) Job seekers who have previously worked for only one company have an advantage in seeking a new job, (2) since their record indicates corporate loyalty and (3) the ability to fit in, (4) both of which are attractive to a prospective employer.
1) Staying at one company indicates corporate loyalty
2) The ability to fit in is attractive to prospective employers.
Identify the role statement 2) plays in the argument.
a) Premise
b) Conclusion
c) Intermediate
d) Assumed
12 (1) Consciousness cannot be explained by the laws of physics and chemistry, (2) so it can't be a purely physical phenomenon.
1) A purely physical phenomenon could be explained by the laws of physics and chemistry
2) Consciousness cannot be explained by the laws of physics and chemistry.
Identify the role statement 1) plays in the argument.
a) Premise
b) Conclusion
c) Intermediate
d) Assumed
13 (1) Consciousness cannot be explained by the laws of physics and chemistry, (2) so it can't be a purely physical phenomenon.
1) A purely physical phenomenon could be explained by the laws of physics and chemistry
2) Consciousness cannot be explained by the laws of physics and chemistry.
Identify the role statement 2) plays in the argument.
a) Premise
b) Conclusion
c) Intermediate
d) Assumed
14 (1) The voucher system in education is not a good idea. (2) The government would have to require that the vouchers be spent on valid educational programs. (3) That means it would have to set criteria for private as well as public schools, and (4) this would increase government oversight and control of private schools.
1) The voucher system would lead to increased government oversight and control of private schools
2) Increased government oversight and control of private schools is not desirable.
Identify the role statement 1) plays in the argument.
a) Premise
b) Conclusion
c) Intermediate
d) Assumed
15 (1) The voucher system in education is not a good idea. (2) The government would have to require that the vouchers be spent on valid educational programs. (3) That means it would have to set criteria for private as well as public schools, and (4) this would increase government oversight and control of private schools.
1) The voucher system would lead to increased government oversight and control of private schools
2) Increased government oversight and control of private schools is not desirable.
Identify the role statement 2) plays in the argument.
a) Premise
b) Conclusion
c) Intermediate
d) Assumed
16 (1) The 1987 treaty on intermediate-range nuclear forces required the U.S. and the Soviet Union to dismantle their medium-range missiles. (2) Since this was the first treaty that actually reduced the number of nuclear missiles, (3) instead of merely limiting further increases, (4) it was a significant step toward world peace.
1) The INF treaty reduced the number of nuclear missiles
2) The INF treaty was a significant step toward world peace.
Identify the role statement 1) plays in the argument.
a) Premise
b) Conclusion
c) Intermediate
d) Assumed
17 (1) The 1987 treaty on intermediate-range nuclear forces required the U.S. and the Soviet Union to dismantle their medium-range missiles. (2) Since this was the first treaty that actually reduced the number of nuclear missiles, (3) instead of merely limiting further increases, (4) it was a significant step toward world peace.
1) The INF treaty reduced the number of nuclear missiles
2) The INF treaty was a significant step toward world peace.
Identify the role statement 2) plays in the argument.
a) Premise
b) Conclusion
c) Intermediate
d) Assumed



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