Chapter 5: BASIC ARGUMENT ANALYSIS
- Practice -
Part A


Multiple Choice:
Click on the button next to the answer you wish to select. Your results will be displayed immediately in the question's text box.

No. of Questions = 20

In this exercise, you will be given a short argument to read, followed by one or more numbered statements. Your task is to identify what role the statement plays in the argument.

After each statement, indicate:
Premise; if it is a premise of the argument;
Conclusion; if it is the conclusion of the argument;
Intermediate; if it is an intermediate conclusion; or
Assumed; if it is an assumed premise.


1 (1) It isn't good for children to watch too much television, because (2) watching TV can breed passivity.
1) Watching TV can breed passivity
a) Premise
b) Conclusion
c) Intermediate
d) Assumed
2 (1) Maxwell is probably going to become an investment banker. (2) He spends most of his free time reading balance sheets.
1) Maxwell spends most of his free time reading balance sheets
a) Premise
b) Conclusion
c) Intermediate
d) Assumed
3 (1) I think Julie must be very patriotic. (2) She has a huge American flag covering one wall of her dorm room.
1) Julie is very patriotic
a) Premise
b) Conclusion
c) Intermediate
d) Assumed
4 (1) Written work in college is an essential part of the learning process. (2) Students who cheat are thus, to a certain degree, depriving themselves of an education.
1) Written work in college is an essential part of the learning process
a) Premise
b) Conclusion
c) Intermediate
d) Assumed
5 (1) Using bootleg software--copies of programs that one obtains without paying the software company--is usually not worth it. (2) You don't get the user's manual, (3) you don't get technical support, and (4) you rarely get the latest version of the program.
1) Those who use bootleg software don't get technical support
a) Premise
b) Conclusion
c) Intermediate
d) Assumed
6 (1) The blanket of snow that covers the ground in winter looks frigid, but it actually protects plants. That's because (2) it insulates their roots against the extreme cold of the air.
1) The blanket of snow insulates the roots of plants against the extreme cold of the air
a) Premise
b) Conclusion
c) Intermediate
d) Assumed
7 (1) Restrictions on imported steel--high tariffs or quotas--may help domestic steel producers, but (2) they harm the many other domestic manufacturers who use steel as a raw material. On balance, therefore, (3) import restrictions on steel are harmful to domestic producers.
1) Restrictions on imported steel harm domestic manufacturers who use steel as a raw material
a) Premise
b) Conclusion
c) Intermediate
d) Assumed
8 (1) So-called abstract or nonrepresentational art may elicit a general mood, but (2) since it does not portray people, (3) scenes, or (4) events, (5) it cannot convey a complex theme.
1) Abstract art does not portray people
2) Abstract art cannot convey a complex theme.
Identify the role statement 1) plays in the argument.
a) Premise
b) Conclusion
c) Intermediate
d) Assumed
9 (1) So-called abstract or nonrepresentational art may elicit a general mood, but (2) since it does not portray people, (3) scenes, or (4) events, (5) it cannot convey a complex theme.
1) Abstract art does not portray people
2) Abstract art cannot convey a complex theme.
Identify the role statement 2) plays in the argument.
a) Premise
b) Conclusion
c) Intermediate
d) Assumed
10 (1) Though they are highly popular at aquariums, (2) dolphins are formidable rivals of fishermen because (3) they consume large quantities of fish.
1) Dolphins are formidable rivals of fishermen
2) Dolphins consume large quantities of fish.
Identify the role statement 1) plays in the argument.
a) Premise
b) Conclusion
c) Intermediate
d) Assumed
11 (1) Though they are highly popular at aquariums, (2) dolphins are formidable rivals of fishermen because (3) they consume large quantities of fish.
1) Dolphins are formidable rivals of fishermen
2) Dolphins consume large quantities of fish.
Identify the role statement 2) plays in the argument.
a) Premise
b) Conclusion
c) Intermediate
d) Assumed
12 (1) The U.S. should not devote more money to space exploration. (2) The benefits we derive from it are minuscule, and (3) the money could be better spent solving problems on earth.
1) The benefits from space exploration are minuscule
2) The U.S. should not devote more money to space exploration.
Identify the role statement 1) plays in the argument.
a) Premise
b) Conclusion
c) Intermediate
d) Assumed
13 (1) The U.S. should not devote more money to space exploration. (2) The benefits we derive from it are minuscule, and (3) the money could be better spent solving problems on earth.
1) The benefits from space exploration are minuscule
2) The U.S. should not devote more money to space exploration.
Identify the role statement 2) plays in the argument.
a) Premise
b) Conclusion
c) Intermediate
d) Assumed
14 (1) Tobacco is not an illegal drug, (2) the dangers of second-hand smoke are not well-known, and (3) smoking is an exercise of personal freedom. Therefore, (4) the government should not regulate smoking in public.
1) The government should not regulate smoking in public
2) The dangers of second-hand smoke are not well-known.
Identify the role statement 1) plays in the argument.
a) Premise
b) Conclusion
c) Intermediate
d) Assumed
15 (1) Tobacco is not an illegal drug, (2) the dangers of second-hand smoke are not well-known, and (3) smoking is an exercise of personal freedom. Therefore, (4) the government should not regulate smoking in public.
1) The government should not regulate smoking in public
2) The dangers of second-hand smoke are not well-known.
Identify the role statement 2) plays in the argument.
a) Premise
b) Conclusion
c) Intermediate
d) Assumed
16 (1) The evidence scientists have gathered shows that second-hand smoke may pose a health risk, especially to (2) children, (3) pregnant women, and (4) people with lung disorders. Therefore, (5) the government should regulate smoking in public.
1) Second-hand smoke may pose a health risk for children
2) Second-hand smoke may pose a health risk for people with lung disorders.
Identify the role statement 1) plays in the argument.
a) Premise
b) Conclusion
c) Intermediate
d) Assumed
17 (1) The evidence scientists have gathered shows that second-hand smoke may pose a health risk, especially to (2) children, (3) pregnant women, and (4) people with lung disorders. Therefore, (5) the government should regulate smoking in public.
1) Second-hand smoke may pose a health risk for children
2) Second-hand smoke may pose a health risk for people with lung disorders.
Identify the role Statement 2) plays in the argument.
a) Premise
b) Conclusion
c) Intermediate
d) Assumed
18 (1) Because governors have experience as chief executives of their governments, and (2) have dealt with a wide range of issues, (3) they are best qualified to serve for the office of president.
1) Governors have experience as chief executives of their governments
2) Governors have dealt with a wide range of issues.
Identify the role statement 1) plays in the argument.
a) Premise
b) Conclusion
c) Intermediate
d) Assumed
19 (1) Because governors have experience as chief executives of their governments, and (2) have dealt with a wide range of issues, (3) they are best qualified to serve for the office of president.
1) Governors have experience as chief executives of their governments
2) Governors have dealt with a wide range of issues.
Identify the role statement 2) plays in the argument.
a) Premise
b) Conclusion
c) Intermediate
d) Assumed
20 (1) Since I am going to play in the national checkers tournament next weekend, (2) I'll be out of town. And since I'll be out of town, (3) I can't come to your party.
1) I'll be out of town next weekend
a) Premise
b) Conclusion
c) Intermediate
d) Assumed



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