Chapter 2: CLASSIFICATION
- Practice -


Multiple Choice:
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No. of Questions = 15

In this exercise, you will be given a classification and asked to determine which rule of classification that it violates. In order to be valid, a classification must satisfy all four of the following rules; if it violates one or more, it is not a good classification.

In a classification,
1) the dividing members must be mutually exclusive
2) the dividing members must be jointly exhaustive
3) a consistent basis must be employed
4) essential attributes must be employed

1 Sharp declines in employment were found in the manufacturing, service, financial, and construction sectors as well as in the Northeast.
a) the dividing members must be mutually exclusive
b) the dividing members must be jointly exhaustive
c) a consistent basis must be employed
d) essential attributes must be employed
2 Rebellion has imposed human, economic, political and psychological costs on the government.
     
a) the dividing members must be mutually exclusive
b) the dividing members must be jointly exhaustive
c) a consistent basis must be employed
d) essential attributes must be employed
3 Human beings can be classified into four major types: American Indians, who paint themsevles with red lines, Europeans, who wear close vestments, Asians, who wear loose vestments, and Africans, who cover themselves with grease.
a) the dividing members must be mutually exclusive
b) the dividing members must be jointly exhaustive
c) a consistent basis must be employed
d) essential attributes must be employed
4 The author is objecting to a classification on what grounds?
It has been thought that studies involving identical twins could help scientists determine to what extent behavior was influenced by heredity or by upbringing. New studies indicate that there might be an intra-uterine effect.
a) the dividing members must be mutually exclusive
b) the dividing members must be jointly exhaustive
c) a consistent basis must be employed
d) essential attributes must be employed
5 There are three kinds of plants. Those that are dangerous, those that are harmless, and those with no effects on humans.
a) the dividing members must be mutually exclusive
b) the dividing members must be jointly exhaustive
c) a consistent basis must be employed
d) essential attributes must be employed
6 People are either men, women, or children.
a) the dividing members must be mutually exclusive
b) the dividing members must be jointly exhaustive
c) a consistent basis must be employed
d) essential attributes must be employed
7 What objection is this critic making to a classification?
It has been acknowledged that there were two sides to Populism--a progressive and a dark side. It has been argued that McCarthyism was a movement in which the dark side of Populism predominated. However, voter records in Wisconsin showed that those who supported populist candidates did not support McCarthyism.
a) the dividing members must be mutually exclusive
b) the dividing members must be jointly exhaustive
c) a consistent basis must be employed
d) essential attributes must be employed
8 Photosynthesis requires carbon dioxide and sunlight in order to produce oxygen. It took a series of different types of studies to identify each of these components. One kind of study showed that green plants produce a substance that supports a flame in a closed container, while another showed that a plant must be exposed to light in order to produce the flame-sustaining substance.
a) the dividing members must be mutually exclusive
b) the dividing members must be jointly exhaustive
c) a consistent basis must be employed
d) essential attributes must be employed
9 What objection is the author making to a classification?
Writing systems have been classified into pictoral and syllablic, depending upon whether they use pictures to represent objects or symbols to represents syllables. However, the Mayans used a highly pictoral sign system that could be used both pictorially and to represent consonant-vowel syllables.
a) the dividing members must be mutually exclusive
b) the dividing members must be jointly exhaustive
c) a consistent basis must be employed
d) essential attributes must be employed
10 Life functions of organisms are nutrition, transport, respiration, excretion, synthesis, regulation, and growth.
a) the dividing members must be mutually exclusive
b) the dividing members must be jointly exhaustive
c) a consistent basis must be employed
d) essential attributes must be employed
11 Magnesium carbonate and maganese dioxide are different because one is white and the other is black.
a) the dividing members must be mutually exclusive
b) the dividing members must be jointly exhaustive
c) a consistent basis must be employed
d) essential attributes must be employed
12 What objection is being raised by the author of the following argument to a classification?
One of the most offensive kinds of noises that there is was left out of your discussion of hearing loss--action movies.
a) the dividing members must be mutually exclusive
b) the dividing members must be jointly exhaustive
c) a consistent basis must be employed
d) essential attributes must be employed
13 Animals can be classified into land animals, aquatic animals, and aerial animals.
a) the dividing members must be mutually exclusive
b) the dividing members must be jointly exhaustive
c) a consistent basis must be employed
d) essential attributes must be employed
14 Books are either ones with hard covers or one with paper covers.
a) the dividing members must be mutually exclusive
b) the dividing members must be jointly exhaustive
c) a consistent basis must be employed
d) essential attributes must be employed
15 Planets are of two kinds. There are those whose orbit is between the earth and the sun, and those whose orbit is outside the orbit of the earth and the sun.
a) the dividing members must be mutually exclusive
b) the dividing members must be jointly exhaustive
c) a consistent basis must be employed
d) essential attributes must be employed




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