Chapter 18: EXPLANATION
- Practice -


Multiple Choice:
Click on the button next to the answer you wish to select. Your results will be displayed immediately in the question's text box.

No. of Questions = 11

In this exercise, you will be given short explanations to read. Your task is to identify the fallacy committed. The fallacies include:

A. lacks logical strength
B. is incomplete
C. is not informative
D. lacks simplicity
E. lacks consistency with our other knowledge

1 Aspirin can help prevent heart attacks because it has heart-protecting properties.
a) lacks logical strength
b) is incomplete
c) is not informative
d) lacks simplicity
e) lacks consistency with our other knowledge
2 My car barely runs--it sputters and cuts out whenever I accelerate. It must have bad shocks.
a) lacks logical strength
b) is incomplete
c) is not informative
d) lacks simplicity
e) lacks consistency with our other knowledge
3 Why do planes and boats disappear in the Bermuda Triangle? This happens because in that area there is an open portal to other dimensions. These planes and ships go into that portal and are transported to another realm and are never heard from again.
a) lacks logical strength
b) is incomplete
c) is not informative
d) lacks simplicity
e) lacks consistency with our other knowledge
4 Reincarnation cannot be true because it conflicts with biological knowledge.
a) lacks logical strength
b) is incomplete
c) is not informative
d) lacks simplicity
e) lacks consistency with our other knowledge
5 John, who is from rural Nebraska, can speak fluent Swahili. This is because his father was in the army.
a) lacks logical strength
b) is incomplete
c) is not informative
d) lacks simplicity
e) lacks consistency with our other knowledge
6 Why did your neighbor's vegetable garden grow, but yours didn't even though your plots are right next to each other and separated only by a small fence? The soil is bad.
a) lacks logical strength
b) is incomplete
c) is not informative
d) lacks simplicity
e) lacks consistency with our other knowledge
7 How did those stolen VCRs get into the back seat of your car? They must have fallen out of the apartment windows and into the back seat while I was driving along.
a) lacks logical strength
b) is incomplete
c) is not informative
d) lacks simplicity
e) lacks consistency with our other knowledge
8 My term paper was late because I had to go to the Department of Motor Vehicle to get my driver's license renewed.
a) lacks logical strength
b) is incomplete
c) is not informative
d) lacks simplicity
e) lacks consistency with our other knowledge
9 Clinton was able to win the 1996 election because a greater percentage of women voted for him than for Dole.
a) lacks logical strength
b) is incomplete
c) is not informative
d) lacks simplicity
e) lacks consistency with our other knowledge
10 Many primates travel in groups because they are social animals.
a) lacks logical strength
b) is incomplete
c) is not informative
d) lacks simplicity
e) lacks consistency with our other knowledge
11 He had a heart attack. It was probably because his cholesterol level was too high.
a) lacks logical strength
b) is incomplete
c) is not informative
d) lacks simplicity
e) lacks consistency with our other knowledge



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