Chapter 16:
ARGUMENT BY ANALOGY
- Practice -


Multiple Choice:
Click on the button next to the answer you wish to select. Your results will be displayed immediately in the question's text box.

No. of Questions = 31

In this exercise, you will be given an analogy and a part of the reconstruction of the argument based on the analogy. You are asked to identify where this part of the reconstruction fits into the argument according to the following pattern:

A. One or both of the items being compared
B. A relevant similarity between the two items being compared
C. A consequence of the similarity between the two items
D. The example used to form the generalization
E. The generalization based upon the example
F. The minor premise of the deductive part of the argument
G. The conclusion of the argument

1 Wasting time on the job is like theft. In both, individuals are attempting to obtain something for nothing. Thus, just as a thief should be jailed, so should one who doesn't do his/her job.
wasting time on the job
a) One or both of the items being compared
b) A relevant similarity between the two items being compared
c) A consequence of the similarity between the two items
d) The example used to form the generalization
e) The generalization based upon the example
f) The minor premise of the deductive part of the argument
g) The conclusion of the argument
2 Wasting time on the job is like theft. In both, individuals are attempting to obtain something for nothing. Thus, just as a thief should be jailed, so should one who doesn't do his/her job.
Wasting time on the job is attempting to get something for nothing.
a) One or both of the items being compared
b) A relevant similarity between the two items being compared
c) A consequence of the similarity between the two items
d) The example used to form the generalization
e) The generalization based upon the example
f) The minor premise of the deductive part of the argument
g) The conclusion of the argument
3 Wasting time on the job is like theft. In both, individuals are attempting to obtain something for nothing. Thus, just as a thief should be jailed, so should one who doesn't do his/her job.
In theft, an individual attempts to get something for nothing and should be jailed.
a) One or both of the items being compared
b) A relevant similarity between the two items being compared
c) A consequence of the similarity between the two items
d) The example used to form the generalization
e) The generalization based upon the example
f) The minor premise of the deductive part of the argument
g) The conclusion of the argument
4 Wasting time on the job is like theft. In both, individuals are attempting to obtain something for nothing. Thus, just as a thief should be jailed, so should one who doesn't do his/her job.
Whoever attempts to get something for nothing should be jailed.
a) One or both of the items being compared
b) A relevant similarity between the two items being compared
c) A consequence of the similarity between the two items
d) The example used to form the generalization
e) The generalization based upon the example
f) The minor premise of the deductive part of the argument
g) The conclusion of the argument
5 Wasting time on the job is like theft. In both, individuals are attempting to obtain something for nothing. Thus, just as a thief should be jailed, so should one who doesn't do his/her job.
People who waste time on the job should be jailed.
a) One or both of the items being compared
b) A relevant similarity between the two items being compared
c) A consequence of the similarity between the two items
d) The example used to form the generalization
e) The generalization based upon the example
f) The minor premise of the deductive part of the argument
g) The conclusion of the argument
6 Home schooling is like totalitarianism in that both isolate individuals from outside influences. Thus, just as totalitarianism is bad, so is home schooling.
Anything that isolates individuals from outside influences is bad.
a) One or both of the items being compared
b) A relevant similarity between the two items being compared
c) A consequence of the similarity between the two items
d) The example used to form the generalization
e) The generalization based upon the example
f) The minor premise of the deductive part of the argument
g) The conclusion of the argument
7 Home schooling is like totalitarianism in that both isolate individuals from outside influences. Thus, just as totalitarianism is bad, so is home schooling.
Totalitarianism isolates individuals from outside influences and is bad.
a) One or both of the items being compared
b) A relevant similarity between the two items being compared
c) A consequence of the similarity between the two items
d) The example used to form the generalization
e) The generalization based upon the example
f) The minor premise of the deductive part of the argument
g) The conclusion of the argument
8 Home schooling is like totalitarianism in that both isolate individuals from outside influences. Thus, just as totalitarianism is bad, so is home schooling.
Home schooling is bad.
a) One or both of the items being compared
b) A relevant similarity between the two items being compared
c) A consequence of the similarity between the two items
d) The example used to form the generalization
e) The generalization based upon the example
f) The minor premise of the deductive part of the argument
g) The conclusion of the argument
9 Home schooling is like totalitarianism in that both isolate individuals from outside influences. Thus, just as totalitarianism is bad, so is home schooling.
Home schooling isolates individuals from outside influences.
a) One or both of the items being compared
b) A relevant similarity between the two items being compared
c) A consequence of the similarity between the two items
d) The example used to form the generalization
e) The generalization based upon the example
f) The minor premise of the deductive part of the argument
g) The conclusion of the argument
10 Home schooling is like totalitarianism in that both isolate individuals from outside influences. Thus, just as totalitarianism is bad, so is home schooling.
Home schooling and totalitarianism
a) One or both of the items being compared
b) A relevant similarity between the two items being compared
c) A consequence of the similarity between the two items
d) The example used to form the generalization
e) The generalization based upon the example
f) The minor premise of the deductive part of the argument
g) The conclusion of the argument
11 My father's cars have been economical and reliable because they were Chryslers. Thus, this new model from Chrysler should also be economical and reliable.
This new model should also be economical and reliable.
a) One or both of the items being compared
b) A relevant similarity between the two items being compared
c) A consequence of the similarity between the two items
d) The example used to form the generalization
e) The generalization based upon the example
f) The minor premise of the deductive part of the argument
g) The conclusion of the argument
12 My father's cars have been economical and reliable because they were Chryslers. Thus, this new model from Chrysler should also be economical and reliable.
All Chryslers are economical and reliable.
a) One or both of the items being compared
b) A relevant similarity between the two items being compared
c) A consequence of the similarity between the two items
d) The example used to form the generalization
e) The generalization based upon the example
f) The minor premise of the deductive part of the argument
g) The conclusion of the argument
13 My father's cars have been economical and reliable because they were Chryslers. Thus, this new model from Chrysler should also be economical and reliable.
are economical and reliable
a) One or both of the items being compared
b) A relevant similarity between the two items being compared
c) A consequence of the similarity between the two items
d) The example used to form the generalization
e) The generalization based upon the example
f) The minor premise of the deductive part of the argument
g) The conclusion of the argument
14 My father's cars have been economical and reliable because they were Chryslers. Thus, this new model from Chrysler should also be economical and reliable.
My father's cars were Chryslers and have been economical and reliable.
a) One or both of the items being compared
b) A relevant similarity between the two items being compared
c) A consequence of the similarity between the two items
d) The example used to form the generalization
e) The generalization based upon the example
f) The minor premise of the deductive part of the argument
g) The conclusion of the argument
15 My father's cars have been economical and reliable because they were Chryslers. Thus, this new model from Chrysler should also be economical and reliable.
being a Chrylser
a) One or both of the items being compared
b) A relevant similarity between the two items being compared
c) A consequence of the similarity between the two items
d) The example used to form the generalization
e) The generalization based upon the example
f) The minor premise of the deductive part of the argument
g) The conclusion of the argument
16 Old people are like old cars in that the cost of maintaining them is greater than their value. Thus, like old cars are junked, so old people should be put to death.
Old cars and old people
a) One or both of the items being compared
b) A relevant similarity between the two items being compared
c) A consequence of the similarity between the two items
d) The example used to form the generalization
e) The generalization based upon the example
f) The minor premise of the deductive part of the argument
g) The conclusion of the argument
17 Old people are like old cars in that the cost of maintaining them is greater than their value. Thus, like old cars are junked, so old people should be put to death.
Whenever the cost of maintaining something is greater than its value, it should be junked.
a) One or both of the items being compared
b) A relevant similarity between the two items being compared
c) A consequence of the similarity between the two items
d) The example used to form the generalization
e) The generalization based upon the example
f) The minor premise of the deductive part of the argument
g) The conclusion of the argument
18 Old people are like old cars in that the cost of maintaining them is greater than their value. Thus, like old cars are junked, so old people should be put to death.
the cost of maintaining it is greater than its value
a) One or both of the items being compared
b) A relevant similarity between the two items being compared
c) A consequence of the similarity between the two items
d) The example used to form the generalization
e) The generalization based upon the example
f) The minor premise of the deductive part of the argument
g) The conclusion of the argument
19 Old people are like old cars in that the cost of maintaining them is greater than their value. Thus, like old cars are junked, so old people should be put to death.
Old people should be put to death.
a) One or both of the items being compared
b) A relevant similarity between the two items being compared
c) A consequence of the similarity between the two items
d) The example used to form the generalization
e) The generalization based upon the example
f) The minor premise of the deductive part of the argument
g) The conclusion of the argument
20 Old people are like old cars in that the cost of maintaining them is greater than their value. Thus, like old cars are junked, so old people should be put to death.
Old cars are vehicles that cost more to maintain than they are worth, and they are junked.
a) One or both of the items being compared
b) A relevant similarity between the two items being compared
c) A consequence of the similarity between the two items
d) The example used to form the generalization
e) The generalization based upon the example
f) The minor premise of the deductive part of the argument
g) The conclusion of the argument
21 The Federal government is like a household in that both should exercise fiscal responsibility. Thus, just as a household should balance its budget, so should the Federal Government.
The Federal government should balance its budget.
a) One or both of the items being compared
b) A relevant similarity between the two items being compared
c) A consequence of the similarity between the two items
d) The example used to form the generalization
e) The generalization based upon the example
f) The minor premise of the deductive part of the argument
g) The conclusion of the argument
22 The Federal government is like a household in that both should exercise fiscal responsibility. Thus, just as a household should balance its budget, so should the Federal Government.
a household and a Federal budget
a) One or both of the items being compared
b) A relevant similarity between the two items being compared
c) A consequence of the similarity between the two items
d) The example used to form the generalization
e) The generalization based upon the example
f) The minor premise of the deductive part of the argument
g) The conclusion of the argument
23 The Federal government is like a household in that both should exercise fiscal responsibility. Thus, just as a household should balance its budget, so should the Federal Government.
should exercise fiscal responsibility
a) One or both of the items being compared
b) A relevant similarity between the two items being compared
c) A consequence of the similarity between the two items
d) The example used to form the generalization
e) The generalization based upon the example
f) The minor premise of the deductive part of the argument
g) The conclusion of the argument
24 The Federal government is like a household in that both should exercise fiscal responsibility. Thus, just as a household should balance its budget, so should the Federal Government.
Any one who should exercise fiscal responsibility should balance their budget.
a) One or both of the items being compared
b) A relevant similarity between the two items being compared
c) A consequence of the similarity between the two items
d) The example used to form the generalization
e) The generalization based upon the example
f) The minor premise of the deductive part of the argument
g) The conclusion of the argument
25 The Federal government is like a household in that both should exercise fiscal responsibility. Thus, just as a household should balance its budget, so should the Federal Government.
A household should exercise fiscal responsibility, and it should balance its budget.
a) One or both of the items being compared
b) A relevant similarity between the two items being compared
c) A consequence of the similarity between the two items
d) The example used to form the generalization
e) The generalization based upon the example
f) The minor premise of the deductive part of the argument
g) The conclusion of the argument
26 The Federal government is like a household in that both should exercise fiscal responsibility. Thus, just as a household should balance its budget, so should the Federal Government.
The Federal government should exercise fiscal responsibility.
a) One or both of the items being compared
b) A relevant similarity between the two items being compared
c) A consequence of the similarity between the two items
d) The example used to form the generalization
e) The generalization based upon the example
f) The minor premise of the deductive part of the argument
g) The conclusion of the argument
27 Red Dye 10 is an artificial ingredient in food and it causes cancer. Therefore, carmel color, which is an artificial ingredient added to wheat bread, will also cause cancer.
causes cancer
a) One or both of the items being compared
b) A relevant similarity between the two items being compared
c) A consequence of the similarity between the two items
d) The example used to form the generalization
e) The generalization based upon the example
f) The minor premise of the deductive part of the argument
g) The conclusion of the argument
28 Red Dye 10 is an artificial ingredient in food and it causes cancer. Therefore, carmel color, which is an artificial ingredient added to wheat bread, will also cause cancer.
Red Dye 10 and carmel color
a) One or both of the items being compared
b) A relevant similarity between the two items being compared
c) A consequence of the similarity between the two items
d) The example used to form the generalization
e) The generalization based upon the example
f) The minor premise of the deductive part of the argument
g) The conclusion of the argument
29 Red Dye 10 is an artificial ingredient in food and it causes cancer. Therefore, carmel color, which is an artificial ingredient added to wheat bread, will also cause cancer.
is an artificial ingredient
a) One or both of the items being compared
b) A relevant similarity between the two items being compared
c) A consequence of the similarity between the two items
d) The example used to form the generalization
e) The generalization based upon the example
f) The minor premise of the deductive part of the argument
g) The conclusion of the argument
30 Red Dye 10 is an artificial ingredient in food and it causes cancer. Therefore, carmel color, which is an artificial ingredient added to wheat bread, will also cause cancer.
All artificial ingredients cause cancer.
a) One or both of the items being compared
b) A relevant similarity between the two items being compared
c) A consequence of the similarity between the two items
d) The example used to form the generalization
e) The generalization based upon the example
f) The minor premise of the deductive part of the argument
g) The conclusion of the argument
31 Red Dye 10 is an artificial ingredient in food and it causes cancer. Therefore, carmel color, which is an artificial ingredient added to wheat bread, will also cause cancer.
Carmel color will also cause cancer.
a) One or both of the items being compared
b) A relevant similarity between the two items being compared
c) A consequence of the similarity between the two items
d) The example used to form the generalization
e) The generalization based upon the example
f) The minor premise of the deductive part of the argument
g) The conclusion of the argument



Created with QuizPlease
© Copyright 1998, W.W. Norton & Co.