Chapter 15:
INDUCTIVE GENERALIZATIONS
- Self-Quiz, Part B -


Multiple Choice:
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No. of Questions= 10

In this exercises, you will be given evidence for a causal relationship, and asked to identify which of Mill's methods is being used.

1 Tension seems to make me more productive. The more pressure I'm under, the more I get done.
a) Agreement
b) Joint
c) Residues
d) Difference
e) (Concomitant) Variations
2 The grass in the yard came up much thicker and greener this year than last. The extra rain we got can't have made that much difference; it must have been the new fertilizer I tried.
a) Agreement
b) Joint
c) Residues
d) Difference
e) (Concomitant) Variations
3 Reading is the key to a good education. Whatever their circumstances, whether rich or poor, whether they had formal schooling or not, people who read have been able to educate themselves.
a) Agreement
b) Joint
c) Residues
d) Difference
e) (Concomitant) Variations
4 Doing drugs will lower your chances of graduating. Statistics show that the more often a student takes drugs, the more likely he or she is to drop out of school.
a) Agreement
b) Joint
c) Residues
d) Difference
e) (Concomitant) Variations
5 A recession increases the unemployment rate, but unemployment must also have structural causes in the economy, because there is some unemployment even during boom periods.
a) Agreement
b) Joint
c) Residues
d) Difference
e) (Concomitant) Variations
6 Politicians are best able to carry out wars successfully. All of Bismarck's wars were successful, as were America's under Woodrow Wilson and Franklin Roosevelt. But Japan in World War II and Germany in World War I let their generals run the war, and they both lost.
a) Agreement
b) Joint
c) Residues
d) Difference
e) (Concomitant) Variations
7 Secrecy has an inhibiting effect on technological development. The government enforces secrecy regarding nuclear weapons, and the U.S. is about even with the Russians in this area. But in computer technology, where there is no enforced secrecy, the U.S. is far ahead.
a) Agreement
b) Joint
c) Residues
d) Difference
e) (Concomitant) Variations
8 On most lobsters, the two claws differ in size. The large one is used for crushing, the small one for cutting. Exercise is the factor determining which claw becomes the crusher. If a lobster is reared in a tank with nothing to grab, both claws remain small.
a) Agreement
b) Joint
c) Residues
d) Difference
e) (Concomitant) Variations
9 The inefficiencies you see in government bureaucracies are due to the size of the organization, not the fact that they are governmental. You find the same inefficiencies in large academic and business organizations as well.
a) Agreement
b) Joint
c) Residues
d) Difference
e) (Concomitant) Variations
10 In the spring, migratory birds change their plumage and accumulate fast for the long trip north. These changes are caused by the lengthening of the day. The same changes can be induced in a laboratory at any time of year if one gradually lengthens the period of exposure to light. And the changes can be stopped, even in the spring, by keeping the period constant.
a) Agreement
b) Joint
c) Residues
d) Difference
e) (Concomitant) Variations


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