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Chapter
12
cool Jazz and Hard Bop
Overview

“Cool jazz” is one label that groups together a variety of musicians from the late 1940s through the 1950s who shared a reaction against the “hot” qualities of bebop, preferring relaxation and understatement and a general commitment to experimentalism. In this chapter, we learn about Lennie Tristano, the Miles Davis Nonet (“birth of the cool”), Gil Evans, Gerry Mulligan, Stan Getz, Dave Brubeck, and the Modern Jazz Quartet, as well as the convergence with classical music under the rubric “Third Stream.” “Hard bop” encompasses straight-ahead bebop on labels such as Blue Note and Prestige, the organ trios common in black neighborhoods in the 1950s and 1960s. Here we examine major musicians Clifford Brown, Max Roach, Wes Montgomery, and Sonny Rollins.

  • Miles Davis, Moon Dreams
  • Modern Jazz Quartet, All the Things You Are
  • Horace Silver, The Preacher
  • Clifford Brown, A Night in Tunisia
  • Sonny Rollins, Autumn Nocturne
  • Wes Montgomery, Twisted Blues

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