1. How are the problems of the less-developed world affected by the demographic revolution?
  2. Cite examples of ecological problems resulting from advanced technology and industrialization.
  3. What technological projects involve an impairment of the land as a natural resource?
  4. What are the causes of the "greenhouse effect"? What are its possible consequences?
  5. What is the "demographic revolution"? Explain its causes.
  6. In what regions of the world has population growth been the highest in recent decades? What problems has this raised?
  7. Why has the progress of science brought new problems while solving some old ones? Cite specific examples.
  8. What have been the chief accomplishments in preventive medicine since the Second World War?
  9. What successes have there been in efforts to reduce stockpiles of nuclear weapons throughout the world? Why have these efforts not been more successful?
  10. Explain how automation differs from mechanization. What are the advantages of automation? Is it accompanied by any disadvantages?
  1. Investigate any of the following:
      a. The discovery of the structure of DNA by Crick and Watson
      b. The effects of automation in eliminating and in creating jobs
      c. Proposals for meeting the crisis of ecology
      d. Birth control programs in India and China
  2. Develop arguments to affirm or deny the proposition that science and technology created, but can also solve, many of the problems that threaten our civilization.
  3. Write an essay in which you discuss ways in which the advent of the personal computer has affected your life.
  4. On what basis can the claim be made that for an understanding of the workings of human nature, "there is no better source than history"? How can history instruct us regarding human nature? How can the study of the past assist us as we try to find solutions to the problems of the present?


W.W. Norton
REVIEW: World Civilizations
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