- Investigate any of the following topics:
--The personality and achievements of Mustafa Kemal (Atatrk)
--The history of the Suez Canal
--The role of oil in the politics of the Middle East
--The founding of the state of Israel
--The apartheid program in South Africa and its effects
--The role of the United Nations in the Congo
--The career and influence of Jomo Kenyatta
--Kurdish minorities in Middle East states
- After examining the Camp David Accords, the Egyptian-Israeli peace treaty of 1979, and
current relations between Israel and the PLO, construct your own formula for achieving peace in
the Middle East.
- "Nationalism proved to be a stronger force than pan-Africanism." Elaborate on this statement.
Also, explore the idea of pan-Africanism in both theory and practice, considering both its
strengths and its weaknesses.
- Examine newspaper accounts or other media coverage of current events in the Middle East
and Africa. Trace the historical background of the problems presented in news stories.
- Explore the reasons why so many post-liberation African states at some point in their history
were ruled by regimes that were Marxist to a greater or lesser degree.
- Study the thought of Kwame Nkrumah, J. B. Danquah, Lopold Sdar Senghor, and Julius
- Senegalese poet and president Lopold Sdar Senghor once asserted that "nation is the first
reality of the twentieth century." Discuss this statement with reference to the twentieth-century
experience of the Middle East and Africa. Do you agree with Senghor?