- How have recent archaeological discoveries modified long-standing theories about the origins
of New World civilization?
- What do you consider some of the most remarkable features of the ancient Andean
civilization? What did it lack?
- Explain why the political organization of the Inca civilization is described as a confederation.
- What were the unique features of the Mayan calendar?
- Compare the religious practices and beliefs of the Mayas, Aztecs, and Incas.
- How do you account for the rigid structure of Inca society? What were its advantages and
- What is meant by "stateless societies" when describing Africa of this period? What kept these
stateless societies together?
- What factors contributed to the rise of larger and more powerful empires in Africa during this
- Explain Mansa Musa's role in the growth of Islam in Africa.
- How do you explain Muhammad Tour‚'s success in building an expansive empire in West
- What were the major teachings of al-Maghili?
- What changes can you identify in the respective role of men and women in African societies?
- Outline the process of the emergence of Swahili civilization.
- What part did slavery and the slave trade play in Africa during this period?
- How did Madagascar's location affect its history?
- When did the Ethiopian kingdom reach its height, and what were the causes of its decline?