CHAPTER NINE


IDENTIFICATIONS--Part A
Below are a number of items with which you should be familiar after reading Chapter 9. Enter your answer in the blank. Note: You must enter NUMERIC VALUES, then click your mouse anywhere outside of the input box to check your answer.
1. The founders of Rome were
(1) Etrucsans from Asia Minor
(2) Greek colonists from southern Italy
(3) obscure Italic people who were descended from Indo-European invaders

2. The early Roman Senate was
(1) an elected body
(2) appointed by the king
(3) composed of the heads of clans

3. The earliest Roman kings
(1) were absolute monarchs unrestrained by law
(2) exercised patriarchal authority with powers limited by custom
(3) could best be described as a strong constitutional monarch
4. The Romans were brought into direct contact with Greek culture through
(1) the Punic Wars
(2) their conquest of the Etruscans
(3) their conquest of southern Italy
(4) both 2 and 3
5. The overthrow of the Roman monarchy brought several political changes. Among them were
(1) a quick settlement of the ancient differences between patricians and plebeians
(2) the substitution of five elected consuls for the king
(3) the establishment of the office of dictator in times of crisis
(4) the enfranchisement of all adults
6. The plebeians of the early Republic were almost all
(1) conquered peoples of Italy
(2) small farmers and craftsmen
(3) an urban proletariat
(4) agricultural slaves
7. Roman religion
(1) did not emphasize morality, though Romans prized virtues such as bravery, loyalty, and respect for authority
(2) took over the Greek religion intact
(3) clearly showed the worldly, practical nature of the Roman character
(4) all of the above
8. The final Roman conquest of Carthage
(1) led directly to further Roman expeditions to India and China in the third century B.C.E.
(2) contributed to the decline of the small farmer
(3) brought an era of peace and prosperity for the next hundred years
(4) both 1 and 2
9. The revision of the Roman calendar on the Egyptian model was enacted by
(1) Augustus Caesar
(2) Marcus Aurelius
(3) Pompey
(4) Julius Caesar
10. Cicero
(1) borrowed heavily from Stoicism
(2) leaned strongly, as did many other Romans, towards Mithraism
(3) strongly influenced European medieval and Renaissance writers through his eloquent Italian prose
(4) all of the above
IDENTIFICATION
Click to reveal the answer and a page number in your text for more information:
1. The first written Roman law, it was set down on tablets of wood.
2. Among the branches or divisions of Roman law, this classification was held to be the law common to all men of whatever nation.
3. A judicial official, he defined the law and instructed the judge in particular suits.
4. Originally named for their capacity to provide their own cavalry equipment, these men were the parvenus of the late Republic.
5. A plebeian official, he was meant by his veto to protect the citizens against unlawful acts of the patricians.
6. The work of a great poet of the Augustan age, this epic poem celebrated the founding of Rome, her imperial triumphs, and glorious destiny.
7. Killed in a conflict with the conservative aristocracy, this tribune had sought to limit the amount of land any citizen might hold.
8. This general terrorized the Italian peninsula for sixteen years and outfought the Roman armies, but in the end lost the war.
9. The author of Odes and one of the most philosophical of golden-age writers, he was influenced by both Epicureanism and Stoicism.
10. An emperor in the late second century C.E., he was also a famous Stoic.
11. The leading Roman exponent of Epicurean philosophy, he was also a majestic poet, including the book length On the Nature of Things.
12. The founder of a mystical philosophy, he taught that the universe is a series of emanations from the divine.
13. A brilliant and ironic historian of the first century C.E., he sought not merely to record the past but to indict the present.
14. A gullible encyclopedist, this "scientist" put together a famous and misleading Natural History in the first century C.E.
15. This escaped slave led a revolt of other slaves in southern Italy until his death in battle.
CHRONOLOGY
Match the development in column I with the approximate date in column II. Click the Key for the proper answer. (All dates are B.C.E.)
I
KEY
II
1. Italic people founded Rome
A. 2nd C. A.D.
2. Punic Wars were launched
B. 27 BC
3. Rome became a republic
C. ~750
4. Julius Caesar assassinated
D. ~ 500 B.C.
5. Augustus established the Principate
E. 264 BC
6. Marcus Aurelius, the Good Emporer, ruled
F. 44 BC
7. Rome reached its territorial limits
G. 121 AD


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REVIEW: World Civilizations
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Last revised June 30, 1997
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