Explain the significance of the following:
1. "Three Principles of the People"
2. Guomindang
3. "Nixon Shock"
4. Long March
5. Great Leap Forward
6. communes (China)
7. Liberal Democratic Party (LDP)
8. Red Guards
9. burakumin
10. Oriental Exclusion law
11. Gang of Four
12. "four modernizations"
13. zaibatsu
14. Manchukuo
15. "Greater East Asia
Co-Prosperity Sphere"
16. Tiananmen Square
17. May Fourth movement
18. Security Treaty of 1951
20. "Cultural Revolution" (China)
Match the event in column I with the date in column II. Click the Key for the proper answer.
1. Japanese army attacks Beijing
A. 1924
2. U.S. Japan Security Treaty
B. 1937
3. Japan signs formal peace treaty with China
C. 1978
4. New Japanese constitution goes into effect
D. 1951
5. Oriental Exclusion Act goes into effect
E. 1947
Match the event in column I with the date in column II. Click the Key for the proper answer.
1. Qing Dynasty overthrown
A. 1919
2. Beginning of "May Fourth Movement"
B. 1959
3. Beginning of Chinese civil war
C. 1964
4. Hong Kong returns to Chinese control
D. 1911
5. China detonates its first atomic bomb
E. 1949
6. Terrible famine in China begins
F. 1945
7. Formation of the Chinese Communist Party
G. 1997
8. Great Leap Forward
H. 1966
9. "Cultural Revolution" (China)
I. 1921
10. People's Republic of China established
J. 1953
11. China and U.S. establish formal diplomatic relations
K. 1958
12. First Five Year Plan in China
L. 1978
1. This General helped bring down the Manchu dynasty and later attempted to rise to the throne himself.
2. Communist Revolutionary who helped the Guomindang remodel itself along Communist party lines.
3. Leader of the Guomindang armies, this general launched a campaign to reunify China.
4. Communist leader who founded the People's Republic of China by mobilizing the peasantry. p. 794
5. Radical defense minster and head of the People's Liberation Army who helped Mao engineer the cultural revolution.
6. President of the Chinese Republic who attempted to curb the disastrous effects of some of Mao's policies.
7. Writer who refused to conform to party rules in China and was imprisoned for her views. p. 822
8. Pragmatic leader who opposed Mao's policies and eventually succeeded him.
9. SCAP in Tokyo who fought tot save the imperial office as a tie to the cultural heritage for the Japanese.
10. Prime Minister who was called the "Japanese Reagan".
11. Son of a Chinese warlord, he tried to keep the Japanese from encroaching on Manchuria.
12. Mao's wife, who (under Mao's influence) led the Gang of Four and was eventually tried for her government's repressive actions.
13. Chiang Kai-shek's son, who succeeded his father and made many positive reforms in Taiwan.
14. Leader of the movement to reunify China who organized the Nationalist Party and became a symbol of national unity.

W.W. Norton
REVIEW: World Civilizations
Page created by Thomas Pearcy, Ph.D and Mary Dickson.
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Last revised July 12, 1997
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