Explain the significance of the following:
1. Volksgeist
2. "Little Germans" vs. "Great Germans"
3. Realpolitik
4. Risorgimento
5. "Red Shirts"
6. creoles
7. Law of Papal Guaranties
8. caudillo
9. Zollverein
10. Pan-Slavism
11. Burschenschaften
12. Durham Report
Match the event in column I with the date in column II. Click the Key for the proper answer.
1. Founding of the University of Berlin
A. 1854
2. Cavour's appointment as minister of commerce in Sardinia
B. 1866
3. Crimean War begins
C. 1819
4. Bismarck's appointment as minster-president of Prussia
D. 1810
5. Seven Weeks' War
E. 1901
6. Formation of the Dominion of Canada
F. 1850
7. Completion of the Union Pacific Railroad
G. 1871
8. Proclamation of the German Empire
H. 1862
9. Republic of Columbia proclaimed
I. 1867
10. Abolition of slavery in Brazil
J. 1858
11. War of the Reform
K. 1869
12. Founding of the Australian Commonwealth
L. 1888
1. His philosophy of history incorporated most fully the concept of the organic evolution of society and the state, arguing that social and political institutions developed in a dialectic process.
2. He regarded civilization not as an artificial creation but as an expression of the unique character of the people that produced it.
3. His painting Liberty Leading the People expressed French nationalism and courage.
4. His Addresses to the German Nation aroused a spirit of resistance against the Napoleonic occupation of Prussia.
5. A nationalist and a republican, he founded the Young Italy society.
6. His novel The Sorrows of Young Werther conveyed the restless emotionalism of the romantic movement.
7. His The Genius of Christianity romanticized the past and traditional religion.
8. Acclaimed as the "Liberator," at one time he headed a republic uniting the northern tier of South American states.
9. A native of Argentina and a monarchist by conviction, he helped Peru become an independent republic.
10. Born into slavery, he was the outstanding hero of the Haitian revolution but died in prison.
11. A full-blooded Indian who has been called Mexico's "Abraham Lincoln," he over threw the regime of Maximilian, the puppet of Napoleon III.
12. A gaucho leader who played upon the sectional rivalry between the plains and the capital, he became dictator of Argentina.
13. After ruling Brazil ably as a constitutional monarch for forty-nine years, he died in exile.
14. Dictator for more than thirty years, he brought Mexico the appearance of prosperity but depressed the condition of the majority.


W.W. Norton
REVIEW: World Civilizations
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Last revised July 5, 1997
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