CHAPTER TWENTY-THREE

IDENTIFICATIONS--Part A
Below are a number of items with which you should be familiar after reading Chapter 23. Enter your answer in the blank.
Note: You must enter NUMERIC VALUES, then click your mouse anywhere outside of the input box to check your answer.
Bishop Boussuet's Politics Drawn from the Very Words of Scripture:
1. proclaimed the doctrine of papal supremacy
2. traced the origin of governments to a social contract
3. asserted that kings ruled by divine right
4. claimed that the king was answerable to no one, not even to God.

Louis XIV:
1. established religious toleration in France
2. removed the disabilities imposed on Catholics
3. demonstrated a statesmanship that ensured the loyalty of all his subjects
4. contributed to industrial progress in rival Protestant countries by driving large numbers of Huguenots out of France.

To finance his projects, Tsar Peter the Great laid heaviest exactions upon:
1. peasants
2. the Church
3. the nobles
4. bankers and industrialists.
The Eurocentric world view of Peter the Great is most evident in his:
1. democratic reforms
2. abolition of serfdom
3. pacific relations with his western neighbors
4. military conquests.
The Clarendon Code:
1. was broken by French cryptographers during the War of the Spanish Succession
2. penalized English Catholics and Protestant dissenters
3. prescribed the public behavior of the English aristocracy
4. was abolished by King Charles I.
John Locke, in his Two Treatises of Civil Government, declared that the right to life, liberty, and property was derived from:
1. the law of nature
2. the Bible
3. custom
4. acts of the legislature
The "diplomatic revolution" of 1756:
1. brought a rapprochement between France and Austria
2. overthrew the Habsburg monarchy
3. created an international peace-keeping organization
4. pitted Prussia against Great Britain.
IDENTIFICATIONS?--Part B
You should also be able to identify the following people. Click to reveal the answer and a page number in your text for more information:
CHOICES: James I, Frederick William I, Charles I, Frederick II, Charles II, Maria Theresa, James II, Joseph II, Louis XIV, Peter the Great, Louis XV, Catherine the Great, William of Orange, Robert Walpole, Jean Bodin, Emelyan Pugachev, Elector Frederick William, George III, Hugo Grotius, Thaddeus Kosciuszko
1. This Habsburg ruler's 1789 "Edict on Idle Institutions" closed thousands of monastic houses.
2. He cut off the beards of his subjects, annihilated their self-government, published a book of manners, and carried his country to the shores of the Baltic, all in the name of its westernization.
3. His violation of Parliamentary Acts dealing with Catholics and his unexpected son by his second wife helped bring on the Glorious Revolution and make him the last Stuart king.
4. Whether he said it or not, the phrase "l'etat c'est moi" perfectly expressed this monarch's conception of his proper authority.
5. This Dutch prince, in accepting the offer of the English throne, acknowledged the supremacy of Parliament.
6. An "enlightened absolutist" who corresponded with French philosophers, this German-born empress helped westernize her country but did little to relieve the woes of its peasants.
7. A cynical contemporary remarked of this ruler's reluctance to share in the dismemberment of Poland: "She weeps, but she takes her share."
8. This political leader, called Britain's "first prime minister," was important in developing the cabinet system of parliamentary government.
9. Self-declared "first servant of the state," this industrious despot built the most efficient bureaucracy in Europe and involved his country in a series of wars.
10. Witty, sensuous, and dissembling, this monarch by his policies sowed the whirlwind his more stubborn brother reaped in 1688.
11. Claiming to be Tsar Peter III, he led an unsuccessful peasant-serf revolt which stiffened the absolutist tendencies of the empress Catherine.
12. His determination to "be king" involved him in struggles with Parliament and contributed to England's loss of its most valuable overseas colonies.
13. A veteran of the American War of Independence, his efforts to free Poland from foreign domination were crushed in 1794-1795.
IDENTIFICATIONS
You should also be able to identify the following terms. Click to reveal the answer and a page number in your text for more information:
1. "Sun King"
2. streltsy
3. intendants
4. boyar
5. Tories
6. taille
7. Whigs
8. parlements
9. Bill of Rights (English)
10. Junkers
11. asiento
12. Cossacks


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REVIEW: World Civilizations
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Last revised July 5, 1997
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