CHAPTER FOURTEEN


IDENTIFICATIONS--Part A
Below are a number of items with which you should be familiar after reading Chapter 14. Enter your answer in the blank. Note: You must enter NUMERIC VALUES, then click your mouse anywhere outside of the input box to check your answer.
1. A pope who for his reforming zeal and challenging of secular rulers was called a "Holy Satan" was:
1. Boniface VIII
2. Gregory I
3. Gregory VII
4. Pius II

2. The founder of the order of friars to which St. Thomas Aquinas belonged was:
1. St. Dominic
2. St. Augustine
3. St. Francis of Assisi
4. St. Benedict

3. The pope who forced King John to acknowledge England as a papal fief was:
1. Innocent III
2. Nicholas I
3. Innocent IV
4. Marvin V

4. The leader of a unique Crusade which succeeded through peaceful diplomacy was:
1. Frederick Barbarossa
2. Frederick II
3. Richard the Lionhearted
4. Otto the Great

5. The ruler who declared: "As every knee is bowed to Jesus, so all men should obey his Vicar" was:
1. Innocent III
2. Frederick II
3. John XII
4. Pius X

6. The Byzantine emperor who appealed to the pope for aid against the Seljuk Turks was: :
1. Saladin
2. Alexius Comnenus
3. Leo III, Isaurian
4. Julian the Apostate

7. The greatest of the Scholastic philosophers and long-time professor at the University of Paris was:
1. Robert Grosseteste
2. William of Lorris
3. Gottfried von Strassburg
4. Thomas Aquinus

8. The translator of Aristotle's Ethics and a pioneer in mathematics, astronomy, and optics was:
1. Roger Bacon
2. Peter Abelard
3. Robert Grosseteste
4. Erasmus

9. A gifted, challenging, but highly controversial teacher who clashed with the Church and was convicted of heresy was:
1. Heloise
2. Peter Lombard
3. Peter Abelard
4. Cluny

10. A leader of the Cluny reform movement who was elected Pope in 1073 took the name of:
1. Boniface VIII
2. Innocent III
3. Pius IV
4. Gregory VII

IDENTIFICATIONS
Explain the significance of the following:
1. lay investiture 2. minnesingers
3. Cistercians
4. Papal States
5. fabliaux
6. Goliards
7. canon law
8. Sicilian Vespers
9. Fourth Lateran Council
10. Sic et Non
11. Albigensians
12. primogeniture
13. Waldensians
14. simony
15. Scholasticism


CHRONOLOGY
Match the events in column I with the approximate date in column II. Click the Key for the proper answer.
I
KEY
II
1. Founding of monastery of Cluny
A. 1122
2. Council of Clermont
B. 1198
3. Concordat of Worms
C. 1291
4. Death of St. Bernard of Clairvaux
D. 910
5. Pontificate of Innocent III
E. 1153
6. Fourth Lateran Council
F. 1095
7. Death of emperor Frederick II of Hohenstaufen
G. 1215
8. Completion of the Romance of the Rose by John of Meun
H. 1300
9. Fall of the last of the Crusaders' holdings in the Holy Land
I. 1204
10. First papal jubilee in Rome
J. 1270
11. Death of Dante
K. 1250
12. Crusaders sack Constantinople
L. 1321


ResourceResearchReference


W.W. Norton
REVIEW: World Civilizations
http://www.wwnorton.com/college/history/ralph/workbook/ch14.htm
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Last revised July 5, 1997
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