Explain the significance of the following:
1. tandem harnessing
2. baron
3. three-field system
4. Capetian dynasty
5. journeyman
6. Ile-de-France
7. "Holy Roman Empire"
8. Hohenstaufen
9. communes (Italian)
10. national monarchy
11. Eleanor of Aquitaine
12. Blanche of Castille
13. Otto the Great
14. Gregory VII
15. Frederick Barbarossa
16. Frederick II
17. Thomas Becket
18. St. Louis (France)
Give the approximate date then determine their proper order. Click the Key for the proper answer.
1. Norman conquest of England
A. 1212
2. Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa
B. 1077
3. accession of Hugh Capet to the French throne
C. 1314
4. accession of Philip Augustus
D. 1066
5. Battle of Legnano
E. 987
6. signing of Magna Carta
F. 1215
7. Death of Philip IV ("the Fair")
G. 1180
8. Henry IV's humiliation at Canossa
H. 1176
Click for proper ordering of events..
Identify the manorial/feudal characters and institutions.
1. "Economic system in which large agricultural estates are worked by serfs" and the Lord of the manor is responsible for those who live on his estate.
2. The holder of a fief. Refers to noblemen.
3. According to this text, a political system in which government is highly decentralized and most "public power was widely invested in private hands".
4. "Typically . . . owned less land than the upper aristocracy" but controlled land in exchange for military service.
5. "Governmental rights over various lands" granted to local lords in exchange for a prearranged amount of military service.
6. Organization for artisans, designed to regulate production, apprenticeships, pricing, and promote monopolies. Also served as a social and relief organization for its members.
7. Economic and social organization designed to regulate trade, limit competition, fix prices, and restrict foreign trade to benefit urban business owners.
8. Traveling judges who administered justice as representatives of the king. Served to make courts of law more equitable, or at least more consistent.
9. Though not slaves, these individuals worked the land for the lord of the manor. In return they were granted tracts of land to plant for their own use or for market.
10. French government officials who were paid very well to supervise all aspects of an area for the king. In theory, these representatives were more loyal to the king and objective in their administration.
11. Portion of manorial lands which belonged to the lord (as opposed to lands allocated to serfs as to the church).


W.W. Norton
REVIEW: World Civilizations
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