Explain the significance of the following:
|4. Arabian Nights
|7. mayor of the palace
||9. Quraish (tribe)
||11. Seljuk Turks
|13. Book of Kells
||17. Greek Fire
||18. Hagia Sophia
Match the development in column I with the approximate date in column II. Click the Key for the proper answer. (All dates are A.C.E.)
|1. Separation of Greek and Roman branches of the Church
|2. The Hijrah (Hegira)||B. 590|
|3. Coronation of Charlemagne as Emperor||C. 1204|
|4. Beginning of the Umayyad caliphate||D. 622|
|5. Beginning of Iconoclastic movement||E. 751|
|6. Death of Muhammad||F. 1045|
|7. Beginning of Abbasid caliphate||G. 1071|
|8. Destruction of Baghdad by Mongols
|9. Accession to papacy of St. Gregory the Great||I. 632|
|10. Battle of Tours||J. 1258|
| 11. Fall of Constantinople to the Ottoman Turks||K. 800|
|12. Battle of Manzikert||L. 1453|
|13. Crusaders' capture of Constantinople||M. 717|
|14. Accession of Pepin the Short||N. 750|
|1. A Persian poet who wrote the Rubaiyat.
|2. An emperor whose successful defense of Constantinople against the Arabs ranks as one of the most significant battles in European history.
|3. An emperor who paved the way for his state's downfall by appealing to the West for help against the Turks.
|4. A Russian ruler who, by accepting baptism by a Byzantine missionary, provided a strong bastion for Eastern Orthodox Christianity.
|5. An Abbasid caliph of regal splendor who sent an elephant as a gift to Charlemagne.
|6. An Islamic philosopher known as "the Commentator" by Western medieval writers, whom he greatly influenced by his interpretation of Aristotle.
|7. The greatest clinical physician of the medieval world, who first discovered the real nature of smallpox.
|8. The Prophet's son-in-law, who posthumously became identified with a militant Muslim minority.
|9. Discoverer of the contagious nature of tuberculosis, whose chief work, the Canon, was regarded as a medical authority until the seventeenth century.
|10. An eighth-century Byzantine emperor who provoked a famous religious controversy.
|11. A brutal Frankish chieftain who founded the Merovingian dynasty.
|12. A Church father who wrote a life of St. Benedict and worked to strengthen papal authority.
|13. A military figure nicknamed "the Hammer" and reputed to be the second founder of the Frankish state.
|14. An Anglo-Saxon Benedictine who wrote a remarkable Latin History of the English Church.
|15. A princess whose writings testify to a high educational level among Byzantine women.
REVIEW: World Civilizations
Page created by Thomas Pearcy, Ph.D and Mary Dickson.
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Last revised July 5, 1997
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