Explain the significance of the following:
1. Iconoclasts
2. alchemy
3. faylasufs
4. Arabian Nights
5. sufis
6. ulama
7. mayor of the palace
8. Koran
9. Quraish (tribe)
10. caliph
11. Seljuk Turks
12. Bedouins
13. Book of Kells
14. Shiites
15. Beowulf
16. Kabah
17. Greek Fire
18. Hagia Sophia

Match the development in column I with the approximate date in column II. Click the Key for the proper answer. (All dates are A.C.E.)
1. Separation of Greek and Roman branches of the Church
A. 644
2. The Hijrah (Hegira)
B. 590
3. Coronation of Charlemagne as Emperor
C. 1204
4. Beginning of the Umayyad caliphate
D. 622
5. Beginning of Iconoclastic movement
E. 751
6. Death of Muhammad
F. 1045
7. Beginning of Abbasid caliphate
G. 1071
8. Destruction of Baghdad by Mongols
H. 732
9. Accession to papacy of St. Gregory the Great
I. 632
10. Battle of Tours
J. 1258
11. Fall of Constantinople to the Ottoman Turks
K. 800
12. Battle of Manzikert
L. 1453
13. Crusaders' capture of Constantinople
M. 717
14. Accession of Pepin the Short
N. 750
1. A Persian poet who wrote the Rubaiyat.
2. An emperor whose successful defense of Constantinople against the Arabs ranks as one of the most significant battles in European history.
3. An emperor who paved the way for his state's downfall by appealing to the West for help against the Turks.
4. A Russian ruler who, by accepting baptism by a Byzantine missionary, provided a strong bastion for Eastern Orthodox Christianity.
5. An Abbasid caliph of regal splendor who sent an elephant as a gift to Charlemagne.
6. An Islamic philosopher known as "the Commentator" by Western medieval writers, whom he greatly influenced by his interpretation of Aristotle.
7. The greatest clinical physician of the medieval world, who first discovered the real nature of smallpox.
8. The Prophet's son-in-law, who posthumously became identified with a militant Muslim minority.
9. Discoverer of the contagious nature of tuberculosis, whose chief work, the Canon, was regarded as a medical authority until the seventeenth century.
10. An eighth-century Byzantine emperor who provoked a famous religious controversy.
11. A brutal Frankish chieftain who founded the Merovingian dynasty.
12. A Church father who wrote a life of St. Benedict and worked to strengthen papal authority.
13. A military figure nicknamed "the Hammer" and reputed to be the second founder of the Frankish state.
14. An Anglo-Saxon Benedictine who wrote a remarkable Latin History of the English Church.
15. A princess whose writings testify to a high educational level among Byzantine women.


W.W. Norton

REVIEW: World Civilizations
Page created by Thomas Pearcy, Ph.D and Mary Dickson.
We welcome your comments. Please contact Steve Hoge, Editor.
Last revised July 5, 1997
Copyright (c) 1997. W. W. Norton Publishing. All Rights Reserved