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From John Winthrop, Speech to the Massachusetts General Court (July 3, 1645)

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Concerning liberty, I observe a great mistake in the country about that. There is a twofold liberty, natural (I mean as our nature is now corrupt) and civil or federal. The first is common to man with beasts and other creatures. By this, man...hath liberty to do what he lists; it is a liberty to do evil as well as to good. This liberty is incompatible and inconsistent with authority, and cannot endure the least restraint of the most just authority. The exercise and maintaining of this liberty makes men grow more evil....

The other kind of liberty I call civil or federal, it may also be termed moral....This liberty is the proper end and object of authority, and cannot subsist without it; and it is a liberty to that only which is good, just, and honest....This liberty is maintained and exercised in a way of subjection to authority; it is of the same kind of liberty where with Christ hath made us free. The woman's own choice makes...a man her husband; yet being so chosen, he is her lord, and she is to be subject to him, yet in a way of liberty, not of bondage; and a true wife accounts her subjection her honor and freedom, and would not think her condition safe and free, but in her subjection to her husband's authority. Such is the liberty of the church under the authority of Christ.