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1 A New World
2 Beginnings of English America, 1607–1660
3 Creating Anglo-America, 1660–1750
4 Slavery, Freedom, and the Struggle for Empire, to 1763
5 The American Revolution, 1763–1783
6 The Revolution Within
7 Founding a Nation, 1783–1789
8 Securing the Republic, 1790–1815
9 The Market Revolution, 1800–1840
10 Democracy in America, 1815–1840
11 The Peculiar Institution
12 An Age of Reform, 1820–1840
13 A House Divided, 1840–1861
14 A New Birth of Freedom: The Civil War, 1861–1865
15 “What Is Freedom?”: Reconstruction, 1865–1877
16 America’s Gilded Age, 1870–1890
17 Freedom’s Boundaries, at Home and Abroad, 1890–1900
18 The Progressive Era, 1900–1916
19 Safe for Democracy: The United States and World War I, 1916–1920
20 From Business Culture to Great Depression: The Twenties, 1920–1932
21 The New Deal, 1932–1940
22 Fighting for the Four Freedoms: World War II, 1941–1945
23 The United States and the Cold War, 1945–1953
24 An Affluent Society, 1953–1960
25 The Sixties, 1960–1968
26 The Triumph of Conservatism, 1969–1988
27 Globalization and Its Discontents, 1989–2000
28 September 11 and the Next American Century

Chapter 27: Globalization and Its Discontents, 1989–2000

Sources of Freedom

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This chapter concentrates on the Clinton years. Opening with the 1999 antiglobalization demonstrations held in Seattle protesting the World Trade Organization, the chapter explores the challenges that the twenty-first century faces in balancing globalization, economic justice, and freedom. Highlighting this challenge is the "Declaration for Global Democracy" in Voices of Freedom.

The chapter then looks at the end of the Cold War and the Bush administration. Having an opportunity to remake the world immediately after the fall of communism, George Bush spoke of a New World Order, committed American troops in Panama, and organized a coalition to fight Iraq in the Gulf War. Unable to sustain his popularity after that war in face of an economic recession, Bush lost the 1992 election to Bill Clinton.

Like Carter, Clinton tried to elevate human rights in international policy. At home he practiced triangulation, adopting some moderate Republican issues, while rejecting the more contentious ones. Despite Clinton's series of scandals, he left office in 2001 with a high approval rating.

The contested election of 2000 illustrated how divided American society was at the turn of the century. While many Americans benefited from the economic boom of the 1990s, divisions within society still remained, which are seen through the "culture wars." The chapter concludes with a summary of facts about American society in 2000.


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