The following pages provide additional links to online resources:

Think of these pages as electronic reserves. Refer students to them for online research.

Each page has a unique URL that you can link to from your own web page.

* Are you interested in establishing your own eReserves? With your adoption of The Essential America, Norton will send you these files for use on your school's server. For more information contact Steve Hoge []

- eReserves Index

Chapter 20 - The Emergence of Urban America

Images and Maps

The World's Columbian Exposition: Idea, Experience, Aftermath

Today in History: Daniel H. Burnham

Touring Turn-of-the-Century America: Photographs from the Detroit Publishing Company, 1880-1920

Biography of America: The White City

Chicago Architecture and Art: Standard Guide for 1892

America at Work, America at Leisure: Motion Pictures from 1894-1915

The Life of a City: Early Films of New York, 1898-1906

Before and After the Great Earthquake and Fire: Early Films of San Francisco, 1897-1916

American History 102: Photo Gallery
(Contains numerous images relating to this chapter)

A Century Apart: Images of Spirit and Struggle, Jacob Riis and Five Contemporary Photographers

Lower East Side Tenement Museum

Philadelphia Trolleys: The John Gibb Smith Jr. Collection

Table: Region and Country or Area of Birth of the Foreign-Born Population, With Geographic Detail Shown in Decennial Census Publications of 1930 or Earlier: 1850 to 1930 and 1960 to 1990

By Popular Demand: "Votes for Women" Suffrage Pictures, 1850-1920 

Women's Suffrage in Political Cartoons

Buffalo Bill's Wild West Show

Wild West Shows

The American Variety Stage: Vaudeville and Popular Entertainment, 1870-1920

American Vaudeville Museum

Baseball Cards, 1887-1914

Early Leagues and Teams:The Six Major Leagues That Have Existed from 1875 to Present Day

Women and Bicycles: Fashion for the Active Woman, 1894 Style


Primary Sources

1882 Chinese Exclusion Act

"Chinatown Declared a Nuisance!"

HarpWeek: Immigrant and Ethnic America

Francis A. Walker, "Restriction of Immigration," June 1896
(From the Atlantic Monthly)

William Z. Ripley, "Races in the United States," December 1908
(From the Atlantic Monthly)

Votes for Women: Selections from the National American Woman Suffrage Association Collection, 1848-1921

Florence Kelley, "Working Woman's Need of the Ballot"

The Ladies' Home Journal, September 1893

On the Lower East Side: Observations of Life in Lower Manhattan at the Turn of the Century

Jacob Riis, "How the Other Half Lives: Studies Among the Tenements of New York"

Charles Darwin, The Origins of Species

Henry George
(You can download Progress and Poverty at this site.)

William Graham Sumner (1840-1910): The Challenge of Facts

Frank Norris, The Pit: A Story of Chicago

Works of Henry James

Works of Jack London

Works of Mark Twain
(Scroll to the bottom for links to various works.)

Theodore Dreiser, Sister Carrie

Stephen Crane Books Online

The Ram's Horn: An Interdenominational Social Gospel Magazine

Thorstein Veblen, The Theory of the Leisure Class

Florence Kelley, "The Sweating System of Chicago"


Secondary Sources

Florence Kelley: A Woman of Fierce Fidelity

Henry James and The Atlantic Monthly


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© W.W.Norton 2001