Chapter 35

Chapter 35: Rebellion And Reaction In The 1960s And 1970s

Chapter Outline

I. Roots of rebellion

  1. Youth revolt
    1. The maturing baby-boom generation
    2. The beginnings of the youth revolt
  2. The New Left
    1. Students for a Democratic Society
      1. Founded by Tom Hayden and Al Haber
      2. The Port Huron statement
    2. Free Speech Movement
      1. Origins at Berkeley
      2. Program and tactics
    3. Role of Vietnam war in radicalizing youth
    4. Increased college protests
    5. The 1968 Democratic convention
    6. The breakup of the New Left
  3. The counterculture
    1. Origins and philosophy
    2. Communal living
    3. Woodstock and Altamont
    4. Downfall of the counterculture
  4. Feminism
    1. Betty Friedan's The Feminine Mystique
    2. National Organization for Women
    3. Legal gains
    4. Divisions within the movement
    5. Changes in traditional sex roles
  5. Sexual Revolution and the pill
  6. Minorities
    1. Hispanics
      1. "Chicanos"
      2. Ce?sar Cha?vez and the United Farm Workers
      3. Growth of Hispanic population
      4. Political power
    2. Native Americans
      1. Conditions that fostered concern
      2. The American Indian Movement
    3. Gay rights
      1. The Stonewall riots
      2. Internal divisions and conservative backlash

II. Nixon and Vietnam

  1. Nixon and the "silent majority"
  2. Gradual withdrawal
    1. Immediate withdrawal of troops rejected
    2. Nixon's Vietnam policy
      1. American demands at the Paris peace talks
      2. Quell domestic unrest by gradual withdrawal of troops
      3. Expanded air war
  3. Divisions at home
    1. Decline in military morale
    2. My Lai massacre
    3. Nixon's Cambodian "incursion"
      1. Kent State
      2. Many Americans supported National Guard
    4. Publication of Pentagon Papers
  4. War without end
    1. Peace talks
      1. Shifts in American negotiating position
      2. "Christmas bombings"
      3. Peace agreement signed
    2. South Vietnam's collapse
    3. The legacy of Vietnam

III. Nixon and Middle America

  1. Nixon's Cabinet
  2. Domestic affairs
    1. Civil rights
      1. Nixon's "southern strategy"
      2. Supreme Court decisions on busing and quotas
    2. Social programs
      1. Nixon's domestic program characterized
      2. Social legislation of the Democratic Congress
  3. Economic malaise
    1. Effects---"stagflation"
    2. Causes
      1. Holdover problems from Johnson's administration
      2. International competition
      3. Oil embargo
      4. Increasing work force
    3. Wage and price controls
  4. Environmental protection
    1. Increased understanding of limited nature of resources
    2. Creation of Environmental Protection Agency
    3. Few people willing to sacrifice

IV. Nixon triumphant

  1. Nixon and the new multipolar world
  2. China
    1. Official recognition
    2. Effects
  3. Détente
    1. Nixon's visit to Moscow
    2. SALT agreement
    3. Wheat deal
  4. Shuttle diplomacy
    1. Problems in Middle East
    2. Kissinger's role in seeking peace
  5. 1972 election
    1. Wallace's shooting
    2. Democrats nominate McGovern
    3. Landslide victory for Nixon

V. Watergate

  1. The original break-in and arrests at the Watergate
  2. Uncovering the cover-up
    1. Previous incidents of "dirty tricks"
    2. Developments in the Senate committee hearings
    3. The Saturday Night Massacre
    4. The Supreme Court's ruling on the tapes
    5. Nixon's resignation
  3. Effects of Watergate
    1. Cynicism over Ford's pardoning of Nixon
    2. Legislative responses
    3. Deep public disillusion

VI. An unelected president

  1. The Ford years
    1. Conservative domestic philosophy
      1. Role of the federal government
      2. The economy
    2. Foreign policy
      1. Arms talks
      2. Middle East
      3. Cambodian Communists and the Mayaguez incident
  2. The 1976 election
    1. Republicans nominated Ford
    2. Democrats nominated Carter
    3. Carter won

VII. The Carter interregnum

  1. Policy stalemate
    1. The Carter style
    2. Liberal successes
    3. Energy policy
      1. The energy bill
      2. Fuel shortage
    4. The Panama Canal Treaty
  2. The Camp David accords
    1. Provisions
    2. Effect
  3. Mounting troubles
    1. The economy
    2. SALT II
    3. Soviet invasion of Afghanistan
  4. Iran
    1. Background to the problem
    2. Hostages taken
    3. Carter unable to gain their release
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