Chapter 33

Chapter 33: Conflict And Deadlock: The Eisenhower Years

Research Topics

School Desegregation in the American South

Overview

How did white southerners respond to school desegregation in the 1950s?

In 1954 the U.S. Supreme Court struck down laws that required racial segregation in public education. Civil rights activists celebrated the decision, but many white southerners viewed it as an attack on their way of life. Committed to segregation, these southerners were determined to resist efforts to integrate schools. They discovered, however, that President Eisenhower was no ally. In 1957 he reluctantly ordered the U.S. military to enforce desegregation in Little Rock, Arkansas.

Sources

Choose from the following titles:

  1. School Segregation Ruled Unconstitutional (1954)
  2. Southern Declaration on Integration (1956)
  3. The Situation in Little Rock (1957), President Eisenhower
  4. Executive Order 10730: Desegregation of Central High School (September 23, 1957)
  5. Photograph Students Escorted in Little Rock (December 1957)
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