Chapter 10

Chapter 10: Nationalism And Sectionalism

Chapter Outline

Economic nationalism

  1. Impact of the War of 1812 on nationalism
    1. Impact on the economy
    2. Call for a stronger national government
  2. The Bank of the United States
    1. Effects of the expiration of the national bank in 1811
    2. Proposal for a new national bank
    3. The bank's supporters and opponents
  3. Protective tariff
    1. Changing sectional attitudes
    2. Proposal for Tariff of 1816
  4. Internal improvements
    1. Call for constitutional amendment
    2. Building the National Road
    3. Calhoun's bill and its fate
  5. Clay's American System

An era of "Good Feelings"

  1. James Monroe characterized
  2. Monroe's cabinet
  3. Election of 1820 and demise of the first party system

Diplomatic developments

  1. Rush-Bagot Agreement of 1817
  2. Convention of 1818
    1. Northern boundary of Louisiana Purchase
    2. Joint occupation of Oregon
    3. Fishing rights off Newfoundland
  3. Trade with the West Indies
  4. Acquisition of Florida
    1. Spain's powerlessness in Florida
    2. Jackson sent on campaign against the Seminoles
    3. Reactions to Jackson's campaign
    4. The Transcontinental Treaty

Crisis and compromise

  1. Panic of 1819
    1. Speculative binge
    2. Easy credit
    3. State banks lent beyond their means
    4. Bank of the United States added to speculative mania
    5. Wildcat banks forced to maintain specie reserves
  2. The Missouri Compromise
    1. Balance of slave and free states
    2. Tallmadge resolution relating to Missouri slavery
    3. Compromise to admit Missouri
      1. Maine and Missouri balanced each other
      2. Slavery excluded in the northern Louisiana Purchase
    4. Clay's "Second Missouri Compromise"

Judicial nationalism

  1. John Marshall's leadership
  2. Cases asserting judicial review
    1. Marbury v. Madison (1803)
    2. Fletcher v. Peck (1810)
    3. Martin v. Hunter's Lessee (1816) and Cohens v. Virginia (1821)
  3. Protection of contract rights in Dartmouth College v. Woodward (1819)
  4. Curbing state powers in McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)
  5. National supremacy in commerce in Gibbons v. Ogden (1824)

Nationalist diplomacy

  1. Negotiating Russia out of Oregon
  2. The Monroe Doctrine
    1. Impact of Napoleonic wars on Latin America
    2. British efforts to protect Latin America
    3. The Monroe Doctrine asserted
    4. Reactions to the doctrine

One-party politics

  1. The candidates in 1824
  2. The system for nomination
  3. The candidates and issues
  4. Outcome
  5. Charges of "Corrupt Bargain"

Presidency of John Quincy Adams

  1. Adams's character and plans
  2. Adams's mistakes
    1. Demeaning voters
    2. Conjuring notions of a royal family
    3. Political activities that hurt him
    4. Tariff of 1828
      1. Provisions
      2. Calhoun's proposal to defeat a tariff increase
      3. Calhoun's protest

Election of 1828

  1. Opposition to Jackson
  2. His appeal to different groups
  3. Extensions of suffrage in the states
  4. Other domestic trends
  5. Outcome
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