Chapter 9

Chapter 9: The Early Republic

Chapter Outline

The new republic

  1. Westward migrations
  2. Upsurge in black freedom
  3. General economic trends

The new federal city

Jefferson in office

  1. The "Revolution of 1800"
  2. Jefferson and the judiciary
    1. Repeal of the Judiciary Act of 1801
    2. Importance of the Marbury v. Madison ruling
    3. Impeachment of justices
  3. Conflicts with Federalist policies
    1. Acceptance of the national bank
    2. Repeal of excise taxes
    3. Sources of good revenue
    4. Land policies
    5. Treatment of army and navy
    6. Foreign slave trade outlawed
  4. Conflict with the Barbary pirates
    1. Causes
    2. United States actions
  5. The Louisiana Purchase
    1. Interest in the territory
    2. Negotiating the purchase
    3. Constitutional issues
    4. Ratification and aftermath
  6. Exploring the continent
    1. Lewis and Clark
    2. "Corps of Discovery"
  7. Political schemes of the Federalist camp
    1. Thomas Pickering and the Essex Junto
    2. Burr's duel with Hamilton
    3. 1804 election

Republican divisions

  1. Emergence of the Old Republicans
  2. The Burr conspiracy
    1. Burr's background and character
    2. Burr's excursion
    3. Treason trial
    4. Burr's later life

War in Europe

  1. Napoléon's victories
  2. Harassment of shipping by Britain and France
    1. Mutual blockades
    2. Impressment
  3. The Jefferson Embargo
    1. Nature of the act
    2. Impact
    3. Opposition and repeal
  4. Madison and Clinton elected in 1808
  5. The drift toward war
    1. Non-Intercourse Act
    2. Macon's Bill No. 2
    3. Intrigues with Britain and France over the trade restrictions
  6. Madison's request for war

The War of 1812

  1. Causes
    1. Demand for neutral rights
    2. Geographical distribution of war sentiment
      1. Farming regions and shippers
      2. Indian attacks
      3. Desire for new land in Florida and Canada
    3. Tecumseh
      1. Objectives
      2. The Battle of Tippecanoe
    4. The war hawks
  2. Preparations for war
    1. Banking problems
    2. Problems with building an army
    3. State of the navy
  3. War in the North
    1. Three-pronged strategy failed
    2. Detroit and Fort Dearborn forces surrendered
    3. Niagara contingent refused to fight in Canada
    4. Champlain group would not march to Canada
    5. Perry's exploits on Lake Erie
    6. Harrison's victory at Battle of the Thames
  4. War in the South
    1. Creek aggressions
    2. Jackson and Horseshoe Bend
  5. Macdonough's victory on Lake Champlain
  6. Invasions at Washington and Baltimore
  7. Battle of New Orleans
  8. Treaty of Ghent
    1. Issues to be resolved
    2. Terms of the treaty
  9. The Hartford Convention
    1. Composition
    2. Actions
    3. Consequences
  10. Aftermath of the war
    1. Inspired patriotism and nationalism
    2. Action against the pirates of the Barbary Coast
    3. Reversal of roles by Republicans and Federalists
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