Chapter 2

Chapter 2: Britain And Its Colonies

Chapter Outline

The British background to colonization

  1. Unique features of British development
    1. Institutions that supported liberty
      1. The House of Commons
      2. The Magna Carta
      3. The Common Law
    2. Economic institutions that supported colonization
      1. Joint-stock companies
      2. The enclosure movement
  2. The development of the monarchy under the Stuarts
    1. James I advanced ideas of Divine Right
    2. Religious reforms under Charles I led to revolution
    3. The Commonwealth and Protectorate
    4. Restoration of Charles II
    5. The Glorious Revolution deposed James II

Patterns of British colonization

  1. Use of the joint stock companies
  2. Differences between British and Spanish colonization

Settlement of the British colonies

  1. Virginia
    1. Founding of Jamestown
    2. Powhatan and the Virginia Indians
    3. Captain John Smith
    4. Attempts to reinforce Jamestown
      1. The "starving time"
      2. Thomas Gates's harsh measures
    5. Tobacco
    6. Pocahontas
      1. Saving John Smith
      2. Marriage to John Rolfe
      3. Death in England
    7. The headright policy
    8. Events of 1619
      1. Establishment of House of Burgesses
      2. Arrival of first Africans
    9. Indian massacre killed 350 colonists
    10. Stability as a royal colony
    11. Bacon's Rebellion
  2. Maryland
    1. The Calverts
    2. Colonial government
  3. Plymouth
    1. Differences between New England colonists and the Chesapeake Bay colonists
    2. New England's divine mission
    3. The Pilgrims
    4. William Bradford's leadership
    5. The Mayflower Compact
    6. Establishing the Plymouth settlement
  4. Massachusetts Bay
    1. The Puritans
    2. The Massachusetts Bay Company
    3. John Winthrop and "a city upon a hill"
    4. Trading company became provincial government
    5. John Winthrop as colony's leader
  5. Rhode Island
    1. Roger Williams
    2. Anne Hutchinson
  6. Connecticut
  7. New Hampshire and Maine

Indians in New England

  1. White-Indian relations characterized
  2. The New England Indians
  3. Relations
    1. Diseases
    2. The Pequot War
    3. King Philip's War

Effects of the English Civil War

  1. New England Confederation formed
  2. Virginia during the war
  3. Maryland Toleration Act
  4. The Restoration's effects in the colonies

Restoration brought new proprietary colonies

  1. The Carolinas
    1. The Lords Proprietors
    2. North Carolina
    3. South Carolina
    4. "Fundamental Constitutions of Carolina"
    5. Indian relations
      1. Trade
      2. Indian enslavement
      3. Tuscarora War
      4. Yamasee War
  2. New York
    1. Origin as New Netherland
    2. Takeover of New Sweden
    3. Settlement by patrons
    4. Ethnic diversity
    5. British takeover
    6. First arrival of Jews
    7. The Iroquois League
  3. New Jersey
  4. Pennsylvania
    1. Quakers
    2. William Penn
    3. Penn's Frames of Government
  5. Delaware
  6. Georgia
    1. James Oglethorpe
    2. Philanthropic experiment and military buffer
    3. Founding of Savannah

The general pattern of British settlement

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