Chapter 4

Chapter 4: The Imperial Perspective

Chapter Outline

I. British agencies of colonial policy

  1. Evolving approach to colonial administration
  2. Role of the king
  3. Colonial consolidation by the Restoration government
    1. Theory of mercantilism
    2. Navigation Act of 1651
    3. Navigation Acts of the Restoration
    4. Lords of Trade created by Charles II
    5. Customs collections tightened
    6. Creation of Dominion of New England
  4. Impact of the Glorious Revolution in America
    1. Dominion of New England broken up
    2. Influence of John Locke
    3. Refinement of the Navigation Acts
    4. Creation of the Board of Trade

II. Governments in the colonies

  1. Lack of a coherent plan
  2. Role of the governor
    1. Method of selection in different colonies
    2. Veto power
    3. Other authority
  3. Role of the assemblies
    1. Voting qualifications
    2. Two key powers: to approve taxes; to initiate legislation
    3. Assemblies gain in influence and power

III. Upheavals in New England and Virginia

  1. Pequot War
  2. King Philip's War
  3. Bacon's Rebellion
    1. Berkeley and elite rule
    2. Indian troubles spark division
    3. Bacon's meteoric rise and fall
    4. Consequences of the rebellion's defeat

IV. Spain and France in America

  1. Reasons for Spanish decline
  2. New France
    1. Beginnings in Quebec
    2. Distinguishing traits of French settlements
    3. Jesuit missionary efforts

V. The colonial wars

  1. Nature of the wars
    1. France vs. England in four European and intercolonial conflicts
    2. New England suffered heavy losses
    3. English government deeply affected
  2. Rivalry over the Ohio Valley in the 1740s 1750s
  3. French and Indian War (Seven Years' War), 1754-1763
    1. Washington's defeat at Fort Necessity
    2. Expulsion of the Acadians from Nova Scotia
    3. Eruption of a world war
    4. Pitt's confident leadership
    5. Wolfe captures Quebec
    6. Spain's belated entry
    7. Peace of Paris
      1. British territorial gains
      2. Pontiac's Rebellion
      3. Spain receives Louisiana
    8. British victory and the coming of the American Revolution
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