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1 The Collision Of Cultures
2 Britain And Its Colonies
3 Colonial Ways Of Life
4 The Imperial Perspective
5 From Empire To Independence
6 The American Revolution
7 Shaping A Federal Union
8 The Federalist Era
9 The Early Republic
10 Nationalism And Sectionalism
11 The Jacksonian Impulse
12 The Dynamics Of Growth
13 An American Renaissance: Religion, Romanticism, And Reform
14 Manifest Destiny
15 The Old South
16 The Crisis Of Union
17 The War Of The Union
18 Reconstruction: North And South
19 New Frontiers: South And West
20 Big Business And Organized Labor
21 The Emergence Of Urban America
22 Gilded-age Politics And Agrarian Revolt
23 An American Empire
24 The Progressive Era
25 America And The Great War
26 The Modern Temper
27 Republican Resurgence And Decline
28 New Deal America
29 From Isolation To Global War
30 The Second World War
31 The Fair Deal And Containment
32 Through The Picture Window: Society And Culture, 19451960
33 Conflict And Deadlock: The Eisenhower Years
34 New Frontiers: Politics And Social Change In The 1960s
35 Rebellion And Reaction In The 1960s And 1970s
36 A Conservative Insurgency
37 Triumph And Tragedy: America At The Turn Of The Century

Sources of Freedom. "Why Should We March?" (1941)

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This flyer was published by the African-American labor leader A. Philip Randolph's "March on Washington" movement. Civil Rights activists like Randolph had lobbied the Roosevelt administration for fair employment legislation and equal access to benefits, often with a powerful ally in the First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt. As the economy showed signs of reviving to meet the demands of World War II armaments, Randolph saw a new opportunity to pressure the government. He began a highly publicized organization effort that aimed to get hundreds of thousands of blacks to march on Washington on July 1, 1941. The march was "postponed" (and never took place) after Roosevelt issued Executive Order 8802, banning discrimination in defense jobs and creating the Fair Employment Practices Committee. As you examine the flier, note what freedoms Randolph lists as priorities for his movement? How do they compare to Roosevelt's "four freedoms"?

"Winning Democracy for the Negro is Winning the War for Democracy"

National Director

Executive Secretary

National Secretary

National Headquarters
2084 Seventh Avenue
New York, N.Y.

Monument 2-3350

How to Organize a Unit
March On Washington Movement


1. To crystallize the mass consciousness of grievances and injustices against Negroes and project it into a Cause for which Negroes themselves will gladly and willingly suffer and sacrifice.

2. To re-educate white America on the question of equality for Negroes.

3. To enlist the support of liberal and christian white America in an all-out struggle for unadulterated democracy at home as well as abroad.

4. To operate by means of mass maneuvers and demonstrations.

National Headquarters
Hotel Theresa Building
2084 Seventh Avenue
New York City

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