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1 The Collision Of Cultures
2 Britain And Its Colonies
3 Colonial Ways Of Life
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5 From Empire To Independence
6 The American Revolution
7 Shaping A Federal Union
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22 Gilded-age Politics And Agrarian Revolt
23 An American Empire
24 The Progressive Era
25 America And The Great War
26 The Modern Temper
27 Republican Resurgence And Decline
28 New Deal America
29 From Isolation To Global War
30 The Second World War
31 The Fair Deal And Containment
32 Through The Picture Window: Society And Culture, 19451960
33 Conflict And Deadlock: The Eisenhower Years
34 New Frontiers: Politics And Social Change In The 1960s
35 Rebellion And Reaction In The 1960s And 1970s
36 A Conservative Insurgency
37 Triumph And Tragedy: America At The Turn Of The Century

Sources of Freedom. President Franklin Delano Roosevelt to Robert Fechner (September 27, 1935)

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In this letter, President Franklin Roosevelt requested that segregated black crews in the CCC and Park Service be placed under the supervision of black foremen. He noted that these black foremen should not be asked to do technical work. While Eleanor Roosevelt had many close ties to the civil rights leaders of the 1930s, the President maintained a more ambivalent stand toward African-American rights. The Democratic Party depended heavily on southern Democrats, who won a series of concessions in the racial policies of the New Deal administration's expanding agencies and programs.

FDR to Robert Fechner, 27 September 1935

FDR to Robert Fechner, 27 September 1935, "CCC Negro Foremen" file, Box 700, General Correspondence of the Director, Record Group 35, National Archives, College Park, Maryland.


Fechner -

In the CCC Camps, where the boys are colored, in the Park Service work, please try to put in colored foremen, not of course in technical work but in the ordinary manual work.


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