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1 The Collision Of Cultures
2 Britain And Its Colonies
3 Colonial Ways Of Life
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5 From Empire To Independence
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7 Shaping A Federal Union
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22 Gilded-age Politics And Agrarian Revolt
23 An American Empire
24 The Progressive Era
25 America And The Great War
26 The Modern Temper
27 Republican Resurgence And Decline
28 New Deal America
29 From Isolation To Global War
30 The Second World War
31 The Fair Deal And Containment
32 Through The Picture Window: Society And Culture, 19451960
33 Conflict And Deadlock: The Eisenhower Years
34 New Frontiers: Politics And Social Change In The 1960s
35 Rebellion And Reaction In The 1960s And 1970s
36 A Conservative Insurgency
37 Triumph And Tragedy: America At The Turn Of The Century

John Murray, Earl of Dunmore: A Proclamation (November, 14, 1775)

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Proclamation by John Dunmore

"By His Excellency the Right Honorable JOHN Earl of DUNMORE, His MAJESTYS lieutenant and Governor General of the Colony and Dominion of VIRGINIA, and Vice Admiral of the same.

A PROCLAMATION.

AS I have ever entertained Hopes that an Accommodation might have taken Place between GREAT-BRITAIN and this Colony, without being compelled by my Duty to this most disagreeable but now absolutely necessary Step, rendered so by a Body of armed Men unlawfully assembled, firing on His MAJESTYS Tenders, and the formation of an Army, and that Army now on their March to attack His MAJESTYS Troops and destroy the well disposed Subjects of this Colony. To defeat such treasonable Purposes, and that till such Traitors, and their Abetters, may be brought to Justice, and that the Peace, and good Order of this Colony may be again restored, which the ordinary Course of the Civil Law is unable to effect; I have thought fit to issue this my Proclamation, hereby declaring, that until the aforesaid good Purposes can be obtained, I do in Virtue of the Power and Authority to ME given, by His MAJESTY, determine to execute Martial Law, and cause the same to be executed throughout this Colony: and to the end that Peace and good Order may be the sooner be restored, I do require every Person capable of bearing Arms, to resort to His MAJESTYS STANDARD, or be looked upon as Traitors to His MAJESTYS Crown and Government, and thereby become liable to the Penalty the Law inflicts upon such Offences; such as forfeiture of Life, confiscation of Lands, &c. &c. And I do hereby further declare all indentured Servants, Negroes, or others (appertaining to Rebels,) free that are able and willing to bear Arms, they joining His MAJESTYS Troops as soon as may be, for the more speedily reducing this Colony to a proper Sense of their Duty, to His MAJESTYS Crown and Dignity. I do further order, and require, all His MAJESTYS Leige Subjects, to retain their Quitrents, or any other Taxes due or that may become due, in their own Custody, till such Time as Peace may be again restored to this at present most unhappy Country, or demanded of them for their former salutary Purposes, by Officers properly authorised to receive the same.

GIVEN under my Hand on board the Ship WILLIAM, off NORFOLK, the 7th Day of NOVEMBER, in the SIXTEENTH Year of His MAJESTYS Reign.

DUNMORE.

(GOD save the KING.)




Author : John Murray

Reference : America: A Narrative History, 6th Edition, Chapter 5; Inventing America, Chapter 5; Give Me Liberty, Chapter 5



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