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1 The Collision Of Cultures
2 Britain And Its Colonies
3 Colonial Ways Of Life
4 The Imperial Perspective
5 From Empire To Independence
6 The American Revolution
7 Shaping A Federal Union
8 The Federalist Era
9 The Early Republic
10 Nationalism And Sectionalism
11 The Jacksonian Impulse
12 The Dynamics Of Growth
13 An American Renaissance: Religion, Romanticism, And Reform
14 Manifest Destiny
15 The Old South
16 The Crisis Of Union
17 The War Of The Union
18 Reconstruction: North And South
19 New Frontiers: South And West
20 Big Business And Organized Labor
21 The Emergence Of Urban America
22 Gilded-age Politics And Agrarian Revolt
23 An American Empire
24 The Progressive Era
25 America And The Great War
26 The Modern Temper
27 Republican Resurgence And Decline
28 New Deal America
29 From Isolation To Global War
30 The Second World War
31 The Fair Deal And Containment
32 Through The Picture Window: Society And Culture, 19451960
33 Conflict And Deadlock: The Eisenhower Years
34 New Frontiers: Politics And Social Change In The 1960s
35 Rebellion And Reaction In The 1960s And 1970s
36 A Conservative Insurgency
37 Triumph And Tragedy: America At The Turn Of The Century

"Indian Slaves Building Cathedral" (ca. 1522)

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This image Indian slaves building the cathedral in Mexico City illustrates the contrasts that existed between the Spanish Catholics' claim that they were freeing the Indians from their heathen beliefs and the reality of their brutal treatment. Indian slavery was outlawed due to protests by Catholic priests including Bartolome de las Casas, but both plantations and Catholic orders continued to extract forced labor from Indians through a variety of methods that caused conditions virtually the same as slavery. The extreme shortage of Europeans willing to emigrate and labor in the Spanish colonies and the existence of a large population of skilled masons among the Native Americans made jarring scenes like this one commonplace in the Spanish empire.


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