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1 The Collision Of Cultures
2 Britain And Its Colonies
3 Colonial Ways Of Life
4 The Imperial Perspective
5 From Empire To Independence
6 The American Revolution
7 Shaping A Federal Union
8 The Federalist Era
9 The Early Republic
10 Nationalism And Sectionalism
11 The Jacksonian Impulse
12 The Dynamics Of Growth
13 An American Renaissance: Religion, Romanticism, And Reform
14 Manifest Destiny
15 The Old South
16 The Crisis Of Union
17 The War Of The Union
18 Reconstruction: North And South
19 New Frontiers: South And West
20 Big Business And Organized Labor
21 The Emergence Of Urban America
22 Gilded-age Politics And Agrarian Revolt
23 An American Empire
24 The Progressive Era
25 America And The Great War
26 The Modern Temper
27 Republican Resurgence And Decline
28 New Deal America
29 From Isolation To Global War
30 The Second World War
31 The Fair Deal And Containment
32 Through The Picture Window: Society And Culture, 19451960
33 Conflict And Deadlock: The Eisenhower Years
34 New Frontiers: Politics And Social Change In The 1960s
35 Rebellion And Reaction In The 1960s And 1970s
36 A Conservative Insurgency
37 Triumph And Tragedy: America At The Turn Of The Century

FROM Reply of the Fiscal, Don Martin de Solis Miranda (1682)

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The Indians declared that the conspiracy and rebellion had not been voluntary on the part of all the pueblos generally, but that some had been forced into it by the chief mover, who was an Indian of the pueblo of San Juan named El Pop, whom they believed talked with the devil; and that for this reason his mandates held them all in fear and obedience, although they might be contrary to those which the governor and religious issued. The Indians were persuaded that his word was more certain and powerful than that of the Spaniards, and that by order of the devil he had caused the death in his own house of a son-in-law of his named Nicols, governor of the pueblo of San Juan. On being asked why he had killed him, he had replied that it was to prevent his revealing the plans for the rebellion to the Spaniards; and as soon as the latter had gone out in defeat the said Captain Pop had come in company with another native of the pueblo of Los Taos, named Saca, boasting that he had been the mover of the rebellion and glorying in victory. They declared that the manner of convoking the rebels had been with a cord of maguey fiber in which were some knots which signified the days that remained for the execution of the revolt, and that he had sent the said cord through all the pueblos with great secrecy, and the said captains persuaded the Indians that the devil was stronger than God, and that they should burn the images, temples, rosaries, and crosses and change their names given in holy baptism. They were ordered to choose other women, different from those whom they had been given in marriage, and that none should speak the Castilian language, or sow seeds of Castile, but only maize and beans, which were native to the country; and they imposed severe penalties on them if they should disobey these precepts. They had obeyed in everything except with regard to the seeds. They said that the Indians were of different opinions, for some felt that if the Spaniards returned they should fight them to the death, and others said that in case they returned they must gain the kingdom, because they were sons of the land and had been bred in it.

Reference : America: A Narrative History, 6th Edition, Chapter 3; Inventing America, Chapter 3; Give Me Liberty, Chapter 3

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