Chapter 36: A Conservative Insurgency

Chapter Outline

  1. Reagan Revolution
    1. Carter to Reagan
      1. Carter’s crisis of confidence
      2. Reagan’s message
        1. Optimism
        2. Pride and prosperity
        3. Old-time morality
        4. Public speaking skill
    2. Background of Reagan
      1. Hollywood
      2. Liberal to conservative
      3. Governor of California
    3. Rise to the presidency
      1. Demographic changes
      2. Religious revival
        1. Fundamentalism
        2. Moral Majority
          1. Jerry Falwell
          2. Positions on issues
          3. Support for Reagan
      3. Feminist backlash
        1. Anti-ERA
        2. Anti-abortion
    4. Election of 1980
      1. Reagan’s message
      2. Voter apathy
  2. Reagan’s first term
    1. Reaganomics
      1. “Government is the problem”
      2. Tax cuts
      3. Budget deficits
      4. Expenditures slashed
      5. Recession
      6. 1982 tax increase
    2. “Teflon Presidency”
      1. Conflicts of interest
      2. Unethical behavior
      3. Reagan untouched
    3. Effects of social policies
      1. Labor unions
      2. Feminism
      3. Minorities
    4. Foreign affairs in the 1980s
      1. Reagan’s anti-communism
      2. Military buildup
        1. “Star Wars”
        2. Rhetorical protests
      3. Emphasis on Central America
        1. El Salvador
        2. Nicaragua
          1. Sandinistas
          2. Contras
      4. Middle East
        1. Iran-Iraq war
        2. Lebanon, PLO, Israel
      5. Grenada
  3. Reagan’s second term
    1. Election of 1984
      1. Democrats and taxes
      2. Landslide and its effects
    2. Tax Reform Act of 1986
    3. Arms control talks
    4. Iran-Contra affair
      1. Arms-for-hostages reported
      2. Lieutenant Colonel Oliver North
      3. Congressional hearings
      4. Legal charges
    5. Central America
      1. Support for the Contras
      2. Setbacks in El Salvador
    6. Problems in the economy
      1. Rising debts
      2. Stock market collapse
    7. The left out
      1. Poor
      2. Homeless
      3. AIDS victims
    8. INF treaty with the Soviet Union
    9. Reagan legacy
      1. Unfilled promises
        1. Role and size of government
        2. Budget and deficit
        3. School prayer and abortion
      2. Accomplishments
        1. Redefined national agenda
        2. Prosperity
        3. Nuclear disarmament
        4. Freedom in eastern Europe
    10. Election of 1988
      1. Michael Dukakis as a liberal
      2. George Bush’s “kinder, gentler nation”
      3. Results
  4. Bush years
    1. Tone of the administration
    2. Domestic affairs
      1. Deficits and debts
        1. Higher taxes
        2. Spending cuts
      2. War on drugs
    3. Foreign policies
      1. Democracy on the march
        1. China
        2. Eastern Europe
          1. End of the Brezhnev doctrine
          2. Romania
          3. Fall of the Berlin Wall
        3. Other democratic movements
        4. Soviet Union
          1. Gorbachev reforms
          2. Coup
          3. Boris Yeltsin
      2. Panama
        1. Manuel Noriega and drugs
        2. U.S. invasion
        3. Surrender of Noriega
      3. Gulf War
        1. Iraq-Kuwait tension
        2. Iraq invades Kuwait
        3. U.N. resolutions
        4. Desert Shield
        5. Congressional debate
        6. Desert Storm
        7. Cease-fire
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