Chapter 31: The Fair Deal And Containment

Chapter Outline

  1. Demobilization under Truman
    1. The Truman style
      1. Trumanís background and character
      2. Domestic proposals of 1945
      3. Relations with Congress
    2. Demobilization
      1. Rapid reduction of armed forces
      2. Escalation of birthrate
      3. Efforts for economic stabilization
    3. Efforts to control inflation
      1. Demands for wage increases
      2. A wave of strikes
      3. Trumanís response to strikes
      4. Efforts to control prices
      5. End of controls
    4. Significant legislative achievements
      1. Employment Act of 1946
      2. Control of atomic energy
    5. Congressional elections of 1946
    6. Relations with Congress
      1. Taft-Hartley Act
      2. Taxes
      3. National Security Act
  2. Development of the cold war
    1. Creating the United Nations
      1. Background of the United Nations
      2. Scheme of its operations
      3. U.S. ratification of U.N. membership
    2. Trials for war criminals
      1. Nature of the trials
      2. Debate over the justice of the trials
    3. Differences with the Soviets
      1. Conflicting interpretations
      2. Problems relating to eastern Europe
      3. Development of the peace treaties
      4. Proposals to control atomic energy
    4. Development of the containment policy
      1. Kennanís theory
      2. Problems in Iran, Turkey, and Greece
      3. The Truman Doctrine
      4. Greek-Turkish aid
      5. The Marshall Plan
        1. The proposal
        2. European response
        3. Work of the ERP
      6. Division of Germany
        1. Merger of Allied zones
        2. Berlin Blockade
        3. Berlin Airlift
        4. Creation of West and East Germany
      7. Development of NATO
      8. Establishment of Israel
  3. Domestic affairs
    1. Civil rights
      1. Truman administration
        1. Effect of foreign relations
        2. Trumanís views
        3. Recommendations of Committee on Civil Rights
        4. Employment and the military
      2. Baseball and Jackie Robinson
    2. Democratic divisions
    3. Trumanís game plan
    4. The 1948 election
      1. The Republican position
      2. Democratic battle over civil rights
      3. Creation of the Dixiecrats
      4. Wallaceís Progressive party
      5. Nature of the campaign
      6. Election results
      7. Assessment of the results
    5. The fate of the Fair Deal
  4. The cold war heats up
    1. Point Four Program
    2. Chinaís fall to communism
      1. History of the movement in China
      2. Assessment of the Communist victory
    3. Soviet atomic bomb
    4. Work on the hydrogen bomb
    5. NSC-68
  5. The Korean War
    1. Background to the conflict
    2. Response to the invasion
    3. Military developments
      1. Rout of the U.N. forces
      2. Counterattack
      3. The decision to invade the North
      4. Entry of the Chinese Communists
    4. The dismissal of MacArthur
      1. Reasons for the action
      2. Reactions to the firing
    5. Negotiations for peace
  6. Another Red Scare
    1. Evidences of espionage
    2. The Truman loyalty program
    3. The Alger Hiss case
    4. Conviction of spies
    5. Joseph McCarthyís witch-hunt
      1. The emergence of Senator McCarthy
      2. Assessment of his tactics
    6. McCarran Internal Security Act
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