Chapter 27: Republican Resurgence And Decline

Chapter Outline

  1. Progressivism in the 1920s
    1. Dissolution of coalition
      1. Effects of war
      2. Attitudes toward labor
      3. Agricultural prices
      4. Intellectuals’ disillusionment
      5. Business civilization
    2. Survivals of progressivism
      1. Control of Congress
      2. Local and state government
      3. Moral righteousness
  2. Harding administration
    1. Election of 1920
      1. Harding and normalcy
      2. Breakup of Wilson coalition
      3. Election of Harding
    2. The Harding and Coolidge administrations
      1. The Harding appointments
        1. Cabinet
        2. Supreme Court
        3. Harding presidency
      2. Efforts for economy
        1. Tax cut
        2. Higher tariff
      3. Deemphasis on regulating agencies
      4. Opposition to racism
      5. Corruption in the administration
        1. Veterans’ Bureau
        2. Justice Department
        3. Teapot Dome
        4. Nan Britton
      6. Harding’s death and public reaction
      7. Evaluations of Harding
    3. The Coolidge years
      1. Character of the man
      2. Election of 1924
        1. Coolidge’s control of the Republican party
        2. Dissension among the Democrats
        3. Emergence of the Progressive party
        4. Results of the election
  3. Prosperity and the New Era
    1. Consumer culture
      1. Consumption as necessity
        1. Advertising
        2. Installment buying
      2. Consumer goods industries
        1. Movies
        2. Radio
      3. Transportation
        1. Airplanes
          1. Charles Lindbergh
          2. Amelia Earhart
        2. Automobile
          1. Henry Ford
          2. Mass production
    2. Hoover and the economy
      1. Associationalism
      2. Secretary of Commerce
      3. Trade associations
    3. Agriculture
      1. Collapse of wartime boom
      2. Farms as businesses
      3. Organizations
      4. McNary-Haugenism
    4. Organized labor
      1. Uneven wage increases
      2. Opposition to unions
        1. Reaction to war
        2. American Plan
        3. Yellow-dog contracts
        4. Welfare capitalism
      3. Changes in the AFL
      4. Railway Labor Act of 1926
      5. Gastonia Strike of 1929
        1. Textile industry
        2. Rival unions
        3. Use of troops and violence
        4. Effects of strike
  4. The Hoover presidency
    1. Election of 1928
      1. Republican position
      2. The Democratic choice
      3. Issues of the election
      4. Results
    2. The beginning
      1. Optimism
      2. Hoover as progressive
      3. Help for agriculture
        1. Agricultural Marketing Act
        2. Hawley-Smoot Tariff
    3. The speculative mania
      1. The Florida real-estate bubble
      2. Development of the Great Bull Market
      3. Efforts to curb the market
    4. The crash
      1. Description of the crash
      2. Immediate effects
      3. Causes for the crash
        1. Imbalance between productivity and purchasing power
        2. Governmental policies
        3. Gold standard
    5. Human costs of Depression
      1. Unemployment
      2. Hunger
      3. Homelessness
    6. Hoover’s efforts for recovery
      1. Advocates of laissez-faire
      2. Hoover’s exhortations
      3. Public works and credit
      4. Democratic victory in 1930
      5. Hoover’s insistence on voluntarism
      6. International complications
    7. Congressional initiatives
      1. The RFC and its role
      2. Help for financial institutions
      3. Plans for relief
    8. Plight of the farmers
      1. Their problems
      2. Means of farmer protest
        1. Farmers’ Holiday Association
        2. Revolutionary appeals
        3. The Bonus Expeditionary Force
    9. Mood of the nation
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