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1 The Collision Of Cultures
2 Britain And Its Colonies
3 Colonial Ways Of Life
4 The Imperial Perspective
5 From Empire To Independence
6 The American Revolution
7 Shaping A Federal Union
8 The Federalist Era
9 The Early Republic
10 Nationalism And Sectionalism
11 The Jacksonian Impulse
12 The Dynamics Of Growth
13 An American Renaissance: Religion, Romanticism, And Reform
14 Manifest Destiny
15 The Old South
16 The Crisis Of Union
17 The War Of The Union
18 Reconstruction: North And South
19 New Frontiers: South And West
20 Big Business And Organized Labor
21 The Emergence Of Urban America
22 Gilded-age Politics And Agrarian Revolt
23 An American Empire
24 The Progressive Era
25 America And The Great War
26 The Modern Temper
27 Republican Resurgence And Decline
28 New Deal America
29 From Isolation To Global War
30 The Second World War
31 The Fair Deal And Containment
32 Through The Picture Window: Society And Culture, 1945–1960
33 Conflict And Deadlock: The Eisenhower Years
34 New Frontiers: Politics And Social Change In The 1960s
35 Rebellion And Reaction In The 1960s And 1970s
36 A Conservative Insurgency
37 Triumph And Tragedy: America At The Turn Of The Century

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  1. Urbanization
    1. In westward movement
    2. Vertical growth
      1. Elevators
      2. Use of iron and steel
    3. Horizontal growth
      1. Mass transit
      2. Suburban segregation
    4. City life
      1. Exciting attraction
      2. Tenements
    5. Urban politics
      1. Political machines
      2. Services
      3. Graft
    6. Environmental effects
      1. Filth and disease
      2. “Sanitary” reformers
      3. Water pollution
  2. Immigration
    1. Sources of immigration
      1. Rural America
      2. Abroad
    2. Reasons for immigration to the United States
      1. Pull factors
      2. Push factors
    3. 1880s change in immigration
    4. Reception of immigrants
      1. Castle Garden
      2. Ellis Island
    5. Immigrant life
      1. Jobs
      2. Ethnic neighborhoods
    6. Nativist responses
      1. Objections to new immigrants
      2. American Protective Association
  3. Popular culture
    1. Distinctive urban culture
    2. Vaudeville
    3. Outdoor recreation
      1. Parks
      2. Tennis
      3. Bicycling
    4. Ethnic and working-class recreation
    5. Saloons
      1. Widespread popularity
      2. Hub of social life
        • Food and drink
        • Camaraderie
        • Services
      3. Male immigrants
      4. Critics of saloons
    6. Women’s work and leisure
      1. Married women
        1. Limited time after home work
        2. Public spaces for entertainment
      2. Single women
        1. Urban amusements
        2. Social restrictions
    7. Spectator sports
      1. Urban location
      2. Football
      3. Basketball
      4. Baseball
  4. Education and professions
    1. Growth of public schooling
    2. Vocational education
      1. Manual training in high schools
      2. Morrill Act and land-grant colleges
    3. Higher education
      1. Increase in college population
      2. Growth of elective system
      3. More opportunities for women
      4. Graduate education
        1. German model
        2. Johns Hopkins University
  5. Theories of society
    1. Darwinism and its impact
      1. Social Darwinism
        1. Herbert Spencer
        2. William Graham Sumner
      2. Lester Frank Ward and reform Darwinism
    2. Effects of Darwinism in academia
      1. Scientific history
      2. Emergence of sociology
      3. Changes in economics
      4. Pragmatism
        1. William James
        2. John Dewey and instrumentalism
    3. Literature
      1. Mark Twain
      2. Literary naturalism
        1. Frank Norris
        2. Stephen Crane
        3. Jack London
        4. Theodore Dreiser
    4. Social criticism
      1. Henry George and the single tax
      2. Thorstein Veblen and conspicuous consumption
  6. The religious response: social gospel
    1. Abandonment of inner-city churches
    2. Development of the institutional church
      1. YMCA and the Salvation Army
      2. Institutional churches
    3. Washington Gladden
    4. Walter Rauschenbusch
    5. Catholic responses to modernity
      1. Syllabus of Errors
      2. Rerum Novarum
  7. Early efforts at urban reform
    1. The settlement house movement
      1. Nature of settlement houses
      2. Social control
    2. Women’s jobs and rights
      1. Growth of the female labor force
      2. Women’s suffrage
        1. Conflicts in the movement
        2. Gains in the states
      3. Other women’s efforts
    3. Efforts to regulate business
      1. State regulatory commissions
      2. Development of substantive due process
      3. Supreme Court acceptance of the view
        1. In cases against regulatory units
        2. In cases against labor
      4. The status of laissez-faire at the end of the century

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