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1 The Collision Of Cultures
2 Britain And Its Colonies
3 Colonial Ways Of Life
4 The Imperial Perspective
5 From Empire To Independence
6 The American Revolution
7 Shaping A Federal Union
8 The Federalist Era
9 The Early Republic
10 Nationalism And Sectionalism
11 The Jacksonian Impulse
12 The Dynamics Of Growth
13 An American Renaissance: Religion, Romanticism, And Reform
14 Manifest Destiny
15 The Old South
16 The Crisis Of Union
17 The War Of The Union
18 Reconstruction: North And South
19 New Frontiers: South And West
20 Big Business And Organized Labor
21 The Emergence Of Urban America
22 Gilded-age Politics And Agrarian Revolt
23 An American Empire
24 The Progressive Era
25 America And The Great War
26 The Modern Temper
27 Republican Resurgence And Decline
28 New Deal America
29 From Isolation To Global War
30 The Second World War
31 The Fair Deal And Containment
32 Through The Picture Window: Society And Culture, 1945–1960
33 Conflict And Deadlock: The Eisenhower Years
34 New Frontiers: Politics And Social Change In The 1960s
35 Rebellion And Reaction In The 1960s And 1970s
36 A Conservative Insurgency
37 Triumph And Tragedy: America At The Turn Of The Century

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  1. The rise of big business
    1. Causes of business growth
      1. Technological innovation
      2. Labor shortage
      3. Standardization
      4. Agricultural production
      5. Railroad network
      6. Inexpensive power
      7. Supportive government
    2. Second Industrial Revolution
      1. Transportation
      2. Electric power
      3. Scientific research
    3. Railroad building
      1. Functions of railroads
      2. The transcontinental plan
        1. Central Pacific
        2. Union Pacific
        3. Chinese labor
      3. Other transcontinentals
      4. Financing the railroads
        1. Early federal aid to the railroads
        2. Government returns from the financial assistance given
        3. Crédit-Mobilier fraud
      5. Jay Gould’s work
      6. Cornelius Vanderbilt
    4. New products and inventions
      1. Refrigerated railway car
      2. Flour milling
      3. Paper making
      4. Other improvements and innovations
      5. Development of the telephone
      6. Edison’s work with electricity
    5. Entrepreneurs of the era
      1. Rockefeller and the oil industry
        1. Background
        2. Concentration on refining and transportation
        3. Development of the trust
        4. Evolution of the holding company
      2. Andrew Carnegie and the “Gospel of Wealth”
        1. Background
        2. Concentration on steel
        3. Philosophy for big business
      3. J. P. Morgan and investment banking
        1. Background
        2. Concentration on railroad financing
        3. Control of organizations
        4. Consolidation of the steel industry
      4. Sears and Roebuck and retailing
        1. Montgomery Ward
        2. Retail by mail
        3. Creation of national market
  2. Developments in labor
    1. Wealth and income
      1. Standard of living
      2. Disparities between rich and poor
      3. Degree of social mobility
      4. Increase in manufacturing wages
      5. Living and working conditions
      6. Bureaucracy’s impersonal control
    2. Child labor
    3. Violence in union activity
      1. The Molly Maguires
      2. The railroad strike of 1877
      3. “Sand Lot” incident
    4. Efforts at union building
      1. National Labor Union
      2. Knights of Labor
        1. Early development
        2. Emphasis on the union
        3. Role of Terrence Powderly
        4. Victories of the Knights
        5. Haymarket Affair, 1886
        6. Lasting influence of the Knights of Labor
      3. American Federation of Labor
        1. Development of craft unions
        2. Role of Samuel Gompers
        3. Focus on the eight-hour day
        4. Growth of the union
    5. Violence in the 1890s
      1. Homestead Strike, 1892
      2. Pullman Strike, 1894
        1. Causes
        2. Role of the government
        3. Impact on Eugene V. Debs
    6. Socialism and American labor
      1. Daniel DeLeon and Eugene Debs
      2. Social Democratic party
        1. Early work
        2. Height of influence
      3. Rise of the IWW
        1. Sources of strength
        2. Revolutionary goals
        3. Causes for decline

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