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1 The Collision Of Cultures
2 Britain And Its Colonies
3 Colonial Ways Of Life
4 The Imperial Perspective
5 From Empire To Independence
6 The American Revolution
7 Shaping A Federal Union
8 The Federalist Era
9 The Early Republic
10 Nationalism And Sectionalism
11 The Jacksonian Impulse
12 The Dynamics Of Growth
13 An American Renaissance: Religion, Romanticism, And Reform
14 Manifest Destiny
15 The Old South
16 The Crisis Of Union
17 The War Of The Union
18 Reconstruction: North And South
19 New Frontiers: South And West
20 Big Business And Organized Labor
21 The Emergence Of Urban America
22 Gilded-age Politics And Agrarian Revolt
23 An American Empire
24 The Progressive Era
25 America And The Great War
26 The Modern Temper
27 Republican Resurgence And Decline
28 New Deal America
29 From Isolation To Global War
30 The Second World War
31 The Fair Deal And Containment
32 Through The Picture Window: Society And Culture, 1945–1960
33 Conflict And Deadlock: The Eisenhower Years
34 New Frontiers: Politics And Social Change In The 1960s
35 Rebellion And Reaction In The 1960s And 1970s
36 A Conservative Insurgency
37 Triumph And Tragedy: America At The Turn Of The Century

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  1. The coming of war
    1. Before war
      1. Outcome uncertain
      2. Lincoln’s inaugural
    2. Fort Sumter
      1. Resupply of fort
      2. South’s response
      3. Opening guns of war—4:30 a.m.,April 12, 1861
      4. Anderson’s surrender
    3. Lincoln’s initial steps of war
      1. Call for 75,000 militiamen
      2. Blockade of southern ports
    4. Further splits in Union
      1. Upper South secedes
      2. West Virginia formed
      3. Delaware remains in Union
      4. Border state divided
        1. Habeas corpus suspended to hold Maryland
        2. Federal forces in Kentucky
        3. Warfare in Missouri
      5. Brothers vs. brothers
        1. Robert Lee
        2. Southerners with Union
    5. The two sides
      1. Economic strengths
        1. Population
        2. Industry
        3. Transportation
      2. Military advantages
        1. Geography
        2. Naval power
  2. Early stages of war: 1861–1862
    1. First Battle of Bull Run
      1. Indecisive result
      2. Results in new strategies
        1. Union’s “Anaconda” plan
        2. Confederacy’s hope for stalemate and foreign intervention
    2. Naval action
      1. Ironclad ships
      2. Union seizures along southern coast
    3. Raising armies
      1. Northern efforts
        1. One million men
        2. Community and ethnic groups
      2. Confederacy efforts
        1. Volunteers
        2. Conscription
      3. Union conscription
      4. Opposition to conscription
    4. Confederate diplomacy
      1. Desire for foreign help
      2. Embargo on cotton
      3. Emissaries to Europe
      4. Trent affair
    5. The war in the West
      1. Effects on the region
        1. Settlement continued
        2. Gold and silver mining
        3. New states in Union
      2. Fighting on Kansas-Missouri border
      3. Indian involvement
      4. Grant moves on Forts Henry and Donelson
      5. Shiloh
        1. Costliest American battle yet
        2. Halleck replaces Grant
    6. McClellan’s peninsular campaign
      1. Indirect attack on Richmond
      2. Confederate diversion
      3. Lee assumes command
      4. Lee attacks McClellan
      5. Halleck named general-in-chief
    7. Second Bull Run
    8. Antietam
      1. Confederate assault
      2. Bloodiest day of war
      3. Confederate defeat
      4. Turning point of war
    9. Fredericksburg
    10. The end of 1862
      1. Deadlock
      2. Advantage to Union
  3. Blacks and women in war
    1. Emancipation
      1. Obstacles to emancipation
      2. Military liberation of slaves
      3. Intermediate moves
      4. Reasons for emancipation
      5. Emancipation Proclamation
      6. Effects
    2. Blacks in military
      1. All-black units
      2. National recruitment
      3. Combat
    3. Abolition of slavery
      1. State action
      2. Constitutional amendment
    4. D.Women and the war
      1. Service as nurses
        1. Dorothea Dix
        2. Clara Barton
      2. New responsibilities
        1. Businesses and farms
        2. Wartime losses
      3. Effects of war
  4. Government during the war
    1. Congressional power
      1. South to North shift
      2. Major legislation
    2. Wartime finances
      1. The Union
        1. Higher taxes
          1. Tariff
          2. Excise taxes
        2. Paper money
        3. Bonds
      2. Confederacy
        1. Ineffective taxation
        2. Paper money
    3. Wartime politics
      1. Union politics
        1. Pressure of the Radicals
        2. Democratic support
        3. Suspension of habeas corpus
          1. 14,000 arrests
          2. Vallandigham case
        4. Campaign of 1864
          1. Democratic position
          2. Radicals
          3. Results
      2. Confederate politics
        1. Electoral system
        2. Dissent
          1. Unionists
          2. States’ rights
    4. D.War and the environment
      1. Animal deaths
        1. Horses
        2. Hogs
      2. Bridges and levees lost
      3. Malaria
      4. Erosion
  5. Tide turns against Confederacy
    1. Battle of Chancellorsville
      1. Largest Union army yet
      2. Death of Jackson
      3. Lee defeats Hooker
        1. Peak of Lee’s career
        2. Lee’s last major win
    2. Grant’s Vicksburg victory
    3. Gettysburg
      1. Lee’s invasion
      2. Pickett’s charge
      3. Confederate defeat
      4. Cemetery established
    4. Third major Union victory of 1863: Chattanooga
  6. Defeat of Confederacy
    1. Grant’s strategy
    2. Union on the offensive
      1. Grant pursues Lee in Virginia
      2. Sherman moves across South
        1. Fighting “hostile people”
        2. Few atrocities
    3. Lincoln’s second inaugural
    4. Appomattox
    5. Surrender
      1. Lee surrenders to Grant (April 9, 1865)
      2. Johnston surrenders to Sherman

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