Chapter 16: The Crisis Of Union

Chapter Outline

  1. Slavery in the territories
    1. Proposals sparked by Mexican War
      1. Wilmot Proviso
      2. Calhounís resolutions
      3. Popular sovereignty
    2. Oregon as free state
    3. Election of 1848
      1. Whigs and Taylor
      2. Free-soil coalition
        1. Barnburners
        2. Conscience Whigs
        3. Liberty party
        4. Martin Van Buren
      3. Results
    4. California
      1. Gold rush
        1. Migration
        2. Mining frontier
      2. Statehood
  2. The Compromise of 1850
    1. The context
      1. Controversies
      2. Participants
    2. Initial positions
      1. Clayís eight proposals
      2. Calhounís reply
      3. Websterís plea for Union
      4. Sewardís antislavery reply
      5. Comprehensive bill
    3. Reaching a compromise
      1. Fillmore succeeds Taylor
      2. Douglasís strategy
      3. Terms of compromise
    4. Antislavery reaction
      1. Protests against Fugitive Slave Law
      2. Uncle Tomís Cabin
    5. Election of 1852
      1. Candidates
      2. Results
  3. Foreign affairs
    1. Ostend Manifesto
    2. Diplomacy in the Pacific
      1. Opening in China
      2. Perry in Japan
  4. Kansas-Nebraska controversy
    1. Transcontinental railroad
      1. Gadsden Purchase
      2. Douglasís Nebraska bill
        1. Repeal of Missouri Compromise
        2. Antislavery opposition
    2. Emergence of Republican party
      1. End of Whig party
      2. Know-Nothing party
      3. New coalition party
    3. Battle for Kansas
      1. Settlement
      2. Elections
      3. Clash of governments
      4. Pottawatomie Massacre
      5. Brooks-Sumner clash in Congress
    4. Election of 1856
      1. Republican nominee
      2. Democratic candidate
      3. Sectional campaigns
      4. Election of Buchanan
  5. Worsening sectional crisis under Buchanan
    1. The Dred Scott decision
      1. The case
      2. Courtís decision
      3. Calls for a federal slave code
    2. Movement for Kansas statehood
      1. Governor Walkerís efforts
      2. Defeat of Lecompton constitution
    3. Financial panic of 1857
      1. Causes
      2. Sectional reactions
    4. Lincoln-Douglas contest
      1. Candidates and their views
      2. Debates
        1. The Freeport Doctrine
        2. Lincolnís moral question
      3. Results
    5. John Brownís raid at Harperís Ferry
  6. Election of 1860
    1. Democrats
      1. Deadlocked convention
      2. Rump Democrats nominate Douglas
      3. Proslavers name Breckinridge
    2. Republicans nominate Lincoln
    3. Constitutional Union party
    4. The campaign
    5. Results
  7. Secession
    1. Deep South acts
    2. Buchananís reactions
    3. Federal property in seceded South
    4. Last compromise attempts
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