Chapter 11: The Jacksonian Impulse

Chapter Outline

  1. The start of Jackson’s presidency
    1. The nation in 1828
      1. The economy
      2. “Age of the common man”?
    2. Jackson the man
    3. Conflicts and rivalries
      1. Van Buren vs. Calhoun
      2. Peggy Eaton affair
      3. Internal Improvements
  2. Nullification Controversy
    1. South Carolina and the tariff
    2. Calhoun’s theory
    3. Hayne-Webster debate (1830)
      1. Hayne and states’ rights
      2. Webster and the Union
    4. Jackson and Calhoun
      1. Jefferson Day Dinner
        1. “Our Union—It must be preserved!”
        2. “The Union, next to our liberty most dear!”
      2. Calhoun’s 1818 stand on disciplining Jackson
      3. Cabinet shake-up
      4. Calhoun stops Van Buren’s appointment
    5. Tariff reductions
    6. South Carolina’s ordinance of nullification
    7. Jackson’s reaction
      1. To enforce tariff
      2. Nullification an “impractical absurdity”
    8. Henry Clay’s compromise
      1. Tariff reduction
      2. Force Bill
  3. Jackson’s Indian policy
    1. Jackson’s attitude
    2. Indian Removal Act and treaties
    3. Indians in the Old Southwest
    4. Cherokees’ Trail of Tears
      1. Georgia’s legal actions toward Indians
      2. Supreme Court rulings
      3. Jackson’s reaction
      4. Cherokee removal
      5. Effect of Jackson’s actions on nullificationists
  4. The bank controversy
    1. The bank’s opponents
    2. Jackson’s views
    3. Biddle’s effort to recharter
    4. Jackson’s grounds for veto
    5. The election of 1832
      1. Innovations of the Anti-Masonic party
      2. N ational conventions of the National Rep u blicans and the Democrat s
      3. Results of the election
    6. Jackson’s removal of deposits
      1. Basis for his actions
      2. Changes in the treasury
      3. Removals to pet banks
    7. Economic reaction to the removal
      1. Contraction of credit in Biddle’s bank
      2. Speculative binge
      3. Increase in land sales
      4. State indebtedness
    8. Bursting the bubble
      1. Distribution Act
      2. Specie Circular
      3. International complications
      4. Banks begin to collapse
    9. Political impact of the controversy
  5. Van Buren and American politics
    1. Van Buren and the new party system
      1. Emergence of the Whigs
        1. Sources of support
        2. Whig philosophy
      2. Democratic nominees
      3. Whig coalitions
      4. Results of the election
    2. Van Buren’s administration
      1. Van Buren characterized
      2. The Panic of 1837
        1. Causes and effects
        2. Government reaction
      3. Proposal for an independent treasury
        1. Basis for the concept
        2. Passage in 1840
      4. Other issues of the times
    3. The election of l840
      1. Democratic nominees
      2. Whig nominees
      3. The campaign
      4. Results of the election
  6. Assessing the Jacksonian years
    1. Mass political parties and increased voter participation
    2. Brief survey of treatment by historians
    3. A closing assessment
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