Chapter 10: Nationalism And Sectionalism

Chapter Outline

  1. Economic nationalism
    1. Postwar conditions
      1. Movement west
      2. Regional blocs
      3. Economic prosperity
      4. Madison’s proposals
    2. National Bank
      1. Effects of the expiration of the National Bank in 1811
        1. State banks mushroomed
        2. Hard money gravitated to New England
        3. State banknotes declined in value
        4. Absence of a central banking function
      2. Proposal for a new National Bank
      3. Support and opposition to the bank characterized
    3. Protective tariff
    4. Internal improvements
      1. Call for constitutional amendment
      2. State actions for internal improvements
      3. Calhoun’s bill and its fate
      4. Status of internal improvements
  2. An era of political harmony
    1. Election of 1816
    2. James Monroe characterized
    3. Monroe’s cabinet
    4. The election of 1820 and the demise of the first party system
  3. Diplomatic developments
    1. Agreements with Britain
      1. Rush-Bagot Agreement and navies on the Great Lakes
      2. Convention of 1818
        1. Western boundaries
        2. Fishing off Canada
      3. Remaining disputes
    2. Relations with Spain
      1. Florida
        1. Campaign against Seminoles
        2. Andrew Jackson’s success
        3. Ceded by Spain
      2. Western boundary settlement
  4. Portents of diminishing political harmony
    1. Panic of 1819
      1. Speculative binge
      2. Easy credit
      3. State banks lent beyond their means
      4. National Bank added to speculative mania
      5. State-chartered banks forced to maintain specie reserves
    2. The Missouri Compromise
      1. Early negotiations for Missouri’s entry as a state
      2. Terms of the compromise
        1. Maine admitted as free state
        2. Missouri admitted as slave state
        3. Slavery excluded north of 36% 30' in Louisiana Purchase
  5. Judicial Nationalism
    1. John Marshall, chief justice
    2. Judicial review
      1. Marbury v. Madison (1803)
      2. Fletcher v. Peck (1810)
      3. Martin v. Hunter’s Lessee (1816)
      4. Cohens v. Virginia (1821)
    3. Contract rights
      1. Dartmouth College v. Woodward (1819)
      2. McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)
    4. Federal supremacy in McCulloch v. Maryland
      1. Implied constitutional powers
      2. The “power to tax is the power to destroy”
    5. Interstate commerce in Gibbons v. Ogden (1824)
      1. Congressional power
      2. Later concurrent jurisdiction
  6. Nationalist diplomacy
    1. Negotiating Russia out of Oregon
    2. The Monroe Doctrine
      1. Impact of Napoleonic Wars on Latin America
      2. British efforts to protect Latin America
      3. The Monroe Doctrine asserted
      4. Reactions to the doctrine
  7. One-party politics in 1824
    1. The candidates
    2. The system for nomination
    3. The issue candidates
    4. Outcome of the race
    5. Charges of “Corrupt Bargain”
  8. Presidency of John Quincy Adams
    1. Adams’s character and plans
    2. Adams’s mistakes
      1. Political activities that hurt him
      2. Tariff of 1828
  9. Election of 1828
    1. Opposition to Jackson
    2. His appeal to different groups
    3. Extension of suffrage in the states
    4. Other domestic trends
    5. Outcome of the election
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