Chapter 9: The Early Republic

Chapter Outline

  1. Dynamic economy
    1. Mobility
      1. Western land sales
      2. Migration
      3. African Americans
        1. Slaves
        2. Free blacks
    2. Entrepreneurial spirit
      1. Market economy
      2. New industries
  2. Jeffersonian simplicity
    1. The new capital city
    2. Inauguration
    3. Evidences of the simple style
    4. Essential principles
  3. Jefferson in office
    1. “Revolution of 1800”
      1. An orderly transfer of power
      2. Jefferson’s role as party leader
    2. Jefferson and the judiciary
      1. Repeal of the Judiciary Act of 1801
      2. Importance of the Marbury v. Madison ruling
      3. Impeachment of justices
    3. Conflicts with Federalist policies
      1. Acceptance of the National Bank
      2. Repeal of excise taxes
      3. Sources of good revenue
      4. Land policies
      5. Treatment of army and navy
      6. Slave trade outlawed
    4. Conflict with the Barbary pirates
    5. Louisiana Purchase
      1. Interest in the territory
      2. Negotiating the purchase
      3. Republican reaction to constitutional issues
    6. Exploring the continent by Lewis and Clark
    7. Political schemes of the Federalist camp
      1. Thomas Pickering and the Essex Junto considered secession
      2. Burr’s duel
  4. Divisions within the Republican party
    1. Election of Jefferson and Clinton in 1804
    2. Old Republicans vs. Jeffersonian Republicans
    3. The Burr conspiracy
      1. Burr’s background and character
      2. Burr’s excursion
      3. Disposition of the charge of treason
        1. Jefferson’s use of executive privilege
        2. Rigid definition of treason adopted
      4. Burr’s later life
  5. War in Europe
    1. Napoleon’s victories
    2. Harassment of shipping by Britain and France
      1. Mutual blockades
      2. Impressment of sailors
    3. The Jefferson Embargo
    4. Madison and Clinton elected in 1808
    5. The drift toward war
      1. Non-Intercourse Act
      2. Macon’s Bill No. 2
      3. Intrigues with Britain and France over the trade restrictions
    6. Madison’s request for war
  6. The War of 1812
    1. Causes of the war
      1. Demand for neutral rights
      2. Geographical distribution of war sentiment
        1. Farming regions and shippers
        2. Concern for the Indians
        3. Desire for new land in Florida and Canada
      3. Indian uprisings
      4. National honor
    2. Preparations for war
      1. Banking problems affecting financing of the war
      2. Problems with building an army
      3. State of the navy
    3. War in the North
      1. Three-pronged strategy failed
      2. Detroit and Fort Dearborn forces surrendered
      3. Niagara contingent refused to fight in Canada
      4. Champlain group would not march to Canada
      5. Perry’s exploits on Lake Erie
      6. Harrison won victory at Battle of the Thames
    4. War in the Southwest
      1. Occupation of West Florida
      2. Jackson’s raid into Florida
    5. British threefold plan of 1814
      1. Invasion via Niagara and Lake Champlain
      2. Extension of coastal blockade to New England
      3. Seizure of New Orleans
    6. Macdonogh’s victory on Lake Champlain
    7. Invasions at Washington and Baltimore
    8. Battle of New Orleans
    9. Treaty of Ghent
      1. Issues to be resolved
      2. Terms of the treaty
    10. The Hartford Convention
      1. Composition
      2. Actions taken
      3. Consequences of the gathering
    11. Aftermath of the war
      1. Inspired patriotism and nationalism
      2. Action against the pirates of the Barbary Coast
      3. Reversal of roles by Republicans and Federalists
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