Chapter 8: The Federalist Era

Chapter Outline

  1. The new nation
    1. The Constitution
      1. Untested
      2. Framework not blueprint
    2. Demography
      1. Regions
      2. Population
      3. Races
      4. Westward migration
    3. Government
      1. Getting started
        1. New Congress
        2. President Washington
        3. Conflict, tension, rivalry
      2. New structure
        1. Executive
          1. Departments
          2. Cabinet
        2. Judiciary
          1. Circuit and appeals courts
          2. Chief Justice John Jay
      3. Bill of Rights
        1. Madisonís position
        2. Virginia Bill of Rights
        3. Ten Amendments
      4. Raising Revenue
  2. Hamiltonís vision of America
    1. Hamiltonís background
      1. Self-made aristocrat
      2. Nationalist
      3. Secretary of the Treasury
    2. Establishing the public credit
      1. Report on Public Credit
        1. Funding federal debt at face value
        2. Federal assumption of state debts
      2. Hamiltonís other proposals
      3. Reactions to Hamiltonís credit proposals
        1. Concern about rewarding speculators
        2. Sectional differences
        3. Compromise solution
    3. Hamiltonís plan for a national bank
      1. Advantages of a bank
      2. Controversy over the constitutionality of the bank
    4. Hamiltonís Report on Manufactures
      1. Advantages of governmental development of manufacturing
      2. Techniques to promote manufacturing
      3. Reactions to the proposals
    5. Hamiltonís contribution
      1. Economic growth
      2. A capitalist republic
      3. Competition with Jefferson
    6. The Republican alternative
      1. Development of parties
        1. Attitudes toward parties
        2. Federalists vs. Republicans
      2. Jeffersonís ideas
        1. Agrarian view
        2. Fear of tyranny
        3. Contrasted with Hamilton
        4. Alliance with New York
  3. Crises foreign and domestic
    1. Foreign affairs
      1. Impact of the French Revolution
      2. Washingtonís neutrality proclamation
      3. Actions of Citizen GenÍt
      4. Aggressive French action
      5. Jayís negotiations with Great Britain
        1. Jayís instructions
        2. Terms accepted by Jay
        3. Public reactions to the treaty
        4. Congressional reaction
    2. Frontier problems
      1. Indian uprisings
      2. Battle of Fallen Timbers
      3. Treaty of Greenville
    3. Whiskey Rebellion
      1. Basis for the rebellion
        1. Excise tax
        2. Alcohol consumption
        3. Distillling profits
      2. Army sent to disperse the rebellion
      3. Effects of the incident
    4. Treaty with Spain
    5. Movement into the West
      1. Division over land policy
      2. Federalist policy in Land Act of 1796
      3. Land Act of 1800
      4. Wilderness trail
        1. Daniel Boone
        2. Squatters
        3. Pioneer life
    6. Washingtonís Farewell Address
      1. Summary of his achievements as president
      2. General principles of the address
  4. The Adams administration
    1. Election of 1796
      1. Candidates
      2. Hamiltonís scheme
      3. Outcome of the election
    2. Adams the man
    3. Troubles with France
      1. XYZ Affair
      2. Logan Act
      3. Creation of a navy
      4. Organization of a new army
      5. Peace overtures
        1. The peace commission
        2. Terms of settlement
        3. Ratification of the agreement
    4. Domestic ramifications of the war
      1. Ideological conflicts
        1. Jeffersonís actions
        2. Adamsís response
      2. Acts of 1798
      3. Arrests and prosecutions under the acts
      4. Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions
        1. Doctrines of nullification and interposition
        2. Intention of the resolutions
    5. Election of 1800
      1. Candidates
      2. Outcome of the election
      3. Packing the judiciary
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