Chapter 4: The Imperial Perspective

Chapter Outline

  1. English colonial empire
    1. Compared to Spanish and French
    2. Administration of colonies
    3. Mercantile system
      1. Navigation Act of 1651
      2. Under the Restoration
      3. Enumerated goods
      4. Role of colonies
      5. Other navigation acts
      6. Enforcement of acts
    4. Dominion of New England
      1. Royal government
      2. Sir Edmund Andros
      3. Opposition
    5. The Glorious Revolution in America
      1. Dominion of New England ends
      2. Leisler’s Rebellion in New York
      3. John Locke’s contract theory of government
    6. Emergence of coherent system under William and Mary
    7. Period of “salutary neglect”
  2. Governments in the colonies
    1. Lack of a coherent plan
    2. Role of the governor
      1. Method of selection in different colonies
      2. Veto power
      3. Control over convening the assembly
      4. Selection of council members
      5. Role in court proceedings
      6. Other authority
    3. Role of the assemblies
      1. Conflict with governors
      2. Restrictions in various colonies on right to vote for assembly
      3. Two key powers: to approve taxes and to initiate legislation
      4. Efforts to use assembly powers to gain control over governors
  3. Other empires in America
    1. Decline of Spanish control in North America
      1. Ways Spanish control failed
      2. Reasons for Spanish failure
    2. French settlements in North America
      1. Effects of small French population in North America
      2. Beginnings of settlement, Quebec, 1608
      3. Exploration and settlement to the south: Louisiana and Mississippi
      4. French and English settlements compared
      5. Early conflicts between the French and English
  4. The wars for empire between France and England
    1. Causes of the wars
    2. French and Indian War
      1. First conflicts
        1. Virginians into Ohio River Valley
        2. George Washington and Fort Necessity
      2. Albany Congress, 1754
        1. Called by Board of Trade
        2. Plan of Union rejected
      3. Continued conflict
        1. French victory in backwoods
        2. World war
        3. William Pitt’s strategy
        4. Battle of Quebec
      4. Results of war
        1. Peace of Paris
          1. France ousted from North America
          2. British take Florida
          3. Spain re c e ives New Orleans and land west of Mississippi River
        2. Pontiac’s Rebellion
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