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1 The Collision Of Cultures
2 Britain And Its Colonies
3 Colonial Ways Of Life
4 The Imperial Perspective
5 From Empire To Independence
6 The American Revolution
7 Shaping A Federal Union
8 The Federalist Era
9 The Early Republic
10 Nationalism And Sectionalism
11 The Jacksonian Impulse
12 The Dynamics Of Growth
13 An American Renaissance: Religion, Romanticism, And Reform
14 Manifest Destiny
15 The Old South
16 The Crisis Of Union
17 The War Of The Union
18 Reconstruction: North And South
19 New Frontiers: South And West
20 Big Business And Organized Labor
21 The Emergence Of Urban America
22 Gilded-age Politics And Agrarian Revolt
23 An American Empire
24 The Progressive Era
25 America And The Great War
26 The Modern Temper
27 Republican Resurgence And Decline
28 New Deal America
29 From Isolation To Global War
30 The Second World War
31 The Fair Deal And Containment
32 Through The Picture Window: Society And Culture, 1945–1960
33 Conflict And Deadlock: The Eisenhower Years
34 New Frontiers: Politics And Social Change In The 1960s
35 Rebellion And Reaction In The 1960s And 1970s
36 A Conservative Insurgency
37 Triumph And Tragedy: America At The Turn Of The Century

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  1. Possible origins of the first Americans
    1. Siberian
    2. Southwestern Europe
  2. Indian culture before Columbus
    1. Earliest cultures
      1. Hunters and gatherers
      2. Villagers
      3. Farmers
    2. Mayan, Aztec, and Incan cultures
    3. Major Indian cultures in the area of the United States after about 1,000 B.C.
      1. Adena-Hopewell peoples of the Ohio Valley (800 B.C.–A.600)
      2. Mississippian cultures of the Mississippi River Valley (A.600–1500)
      3. Pueblo-Hohokam-Anasazi cultures of the Southwest
  3. European discovery of the New World
    1. Early Norse contacts
    2. Changes in modern Europe
      1. Revival of learning
      2. Progress in navigation
      3. Growth of trade and towns
      4. New nation-states
    3. Voyages of Columbus
    4. Biological exchange
      1. Animals
      2. Plants
      3. Devices
      4. Diseases
    5. Early exploration by England and Portugal
      1. John Cabot
      2. Ferdinand Magellan
  4. Spanish conquest of the New World
    1. Clash of cultures
      1. Indian weaknesses
        1. susceptible to disease
        2. disunity
        3. poor transportation
      2. Spanish advantages
        1. accepted risk
        2. ships
        3. better military tools
        4. horses
    2. Cortés and other conquistadores
      1. Cortés’s conquest of Mexico
      2. System of encomienda
      3. Roles of church and crown
    3. Spanish exploration and early settlement in North America
      1. Geographic area of control
      2. Interactions with Indian culture
      3. Purposes of settlements
        1. obtain wealth
        2. convert Indians
        3. provide defense
    4. Spanish patterns in the southwestern United States
      1. Use of religion in colonial control
      2. Role of the Franciscans
      3. Control by Juan de Ońate
      4. New Mexico as a royal province
      5. Rebellion of Popé
    5. Horses
      1. Indian acquisition
      2. Ecological effects
      3. Economic effects
      4. Negative consequences
  5. Impact of the Protestant Reformation on Europe
    1. Martin Luther’s initial leadership
    2. John Calvin’s role
    3. Impact of the Reformation in England
      1. Henry VIII
      2. Church of England
  6. French, Dutch, and English rivalry with the Spanish in North America
    1. Verrazzano and Cartier
    2. Rebellion of the Netherlands and work of the Dutch “Sea Beggars”
    3. English efforts
      1. Elizabethan “Sea Dogges”
      2. Defeat of the Spanish Armada, 1588
      3. Early attempts at English colonization
      4. Raleigh’s “Lost Colony”

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