American author and teacher. Born to working-class parents and raised in Lorain, Ohio, Morrison received her undergraduate education at Howard University before completing her master's degree at Cornell University. She worked as an editor for a decade before beginning to publish her own writing, much of which centers on the complexities of race and gender. Her first novel,
The Bluest Eye (1970), centered upon a black child's yearning to be white; her fifth, Beloved (1987), about the agonizing choices faced by a mother fleeing slavery, won the Pulitzer Prize. After the publication of Jazz (1992) Morrison received the 1993 Nobel Prize for literature. The most recent of her eleven novels are Home (2012) and God Help the Child (2015). Morrison held teaching positions at Howard, Yale, and Rutgers Universities before moving to Princeton University, where she is currently a fellow in the Council of the Humanities. See also tonimorrisonsociety.org.