American game designer and author. McGonigal grew up in New Jersey and earned a B.A. in English from Fordham University. Even before she had gone on to complete her doctorate in performance studies from the University of California, Berkeley, she had designed commercial video games such as
I Love Bees (2004) and Last Call Poker (2005). Now known for alternative-reality games like World Without Oil (2007), McGonigal believes that gaming, particularly massively multiplayer online gaming, can help to make the world a better place by generating and focusing collective human intelligence for the common good. She is the author of Reality Is Broken: Why Games Make Us Better and How They Can Change the World (2011). McGonigal's most recent game is SuperBetter (2012), the product of her efforts to relieve the symptoms of a concussion she suffered in 2009; the game's working title was Jane the Concussion-Slayer. See also janemcgonigal.com.