American surgeon, teacher, and essayist. Born in Brooklyn to Indian immigrant parents, Gawande grew up in Athens, Ohio. He earned his B.A. at Stanford University, studied at Oxford University as a Rhodes Scholar, and then earned his M.D. from Harvard Medical School. In addition to scholarly studies published in the
New England Journal of Medicine, his articles about health care and the medical profession have appeared frequently in Slate and the New Yorker. Gawande's four books, including Complications: A Surgeon's Notes on an Imperfect Science (2002), and The Checklist Manifesto: How to Get Things Right (2009), have been widely praised for the clarity with which they illuminated a complex, technical subject for a general readership. His most recent book is Being Mortal: Medicine and What Matters in the End (2014). See also gawande.com.